Yeast, the most common one being S. cerevisiae, is used in baking as a leavening agent, where it converts the food/fermentable sugars present in dough into the gas carbon dioxide. This causes the dough to expand or rise as gas forms pockets or bubbles.
Accordingly, why is Saccharomyces cerevisiae important to humans?
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has also been a very important genetic tool. However, yeast has the advantage of being a eukaryotic organism, so the results of genetic studies with yeast are more easily applicable to human genetics. It reproduces abundantly and quickly, producing more haploid cells.
Where can S cerevisiae be found?
Habitat: Saccharomyces when translated means “sugar fungus”. That is what this yeast uses for food. They are found in the wild growing on the skins of grapes and other fruits. Means for Classification: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is in the fungi kingdom.
What kind of organism is Saccharomyces cerevisiae?
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (commonly known as baker's yeast) is a single-celled eukaryote that is frequently used in scientific research. S. cerevisiae is an attractive model organism due to the fact that its genome has been sequenced, its genetics are easily manipulated, and it is very easy to maintain in the lab.