Why were the Hollywood 10 blacklisted?
The following ten individuals were cited for contempt of Congress and blacklisted after refusing to answer questions about their alleged involvement with the Communist Party: Alvah Bessie, screenwriter. Herbert Biberman, screenwriter and director. Ring Lardner Jr., screenwriter.
The Hollywood blacklist - as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known - was the practice of denying employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other American entertainment professionals during the mid-20th century because they were accused of having Communist ties or
- Federal Employee Loyalty Program established. President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Order 9835, which established the Federal Employee Loyalty Program. The program instituted invasive measures designed to identify and remove Communist sympathizers from government.
- A few of the more famous people who were blacklisted or suffered some other persecution during McCarthyism are listed here:
- Elmer Bernstein, composer and conductor.
- Charlie Chaplin, actor.
- Aaron Copland, composer.
- Bartley Crum, attorney.
- Jules Dassin, director.
- Howard Fast, author.
- Lee Grant, actress.
- The self-employed Vanzetti had no such alibis and was charged for the attempted robbery and attempted murder in Bridgewater and the robbery and murder in the Braintree crimes. Sacco and Vanzetti were charged with the crime of murder on May 5, 1920 and indicted four months later on September 14.
Updated: 2nd October 2019