Why were Americans scared of the red scare?
As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late 1940s and early 1950s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S. became known as the Red Scare. (Communists were often referred to as “Reds” for their allegiance to the red Soviet flag.)
The fear of communism, known as the Red Scare, led to a national witch hunt for suspected communist supporters, which was known as McCarthyism. Learn about the rise of McCarthyism and the Red Scare, the impact of McCarthyism on American society and the legacy of the short-lived fear campaign.
- The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, which led many to fear that immigrants, particularly from Russia, southern Europe, and eastern Europe, intended to overthrow the United States government; The end of World War I, which caused production needs to decline and unemployment to rise.
- During the Cold War era many Americans were afraid that communists were on the verge of taking over the U.S. government. Senator Joseph McCarthy was an ardent anti-communist who rose to national prominence in the 1950s. McCarthy and his committee accused thousands of Americans of being Communists.
- A "Red Scare" is promotion of widespread fear by a society or state about a potential rise of communism, anarchism, or radical leftism. The First Red Scare, which occurred immediately after World War I, revolved around a perceived threat from the American labor movement, anarchist revolution and political radicalism.
The Red Scare was the name given to the period of anti-radical hysteria and the fear that anarchists, socialists and communists were conspiring to start a workers revolution in the United States of America. One of the important events during his presidency was the First Red Scare.
- Flappers were a generation of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior.
- McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
- As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late 1940s and early 1950s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S. became known as the Red Scare. (Communists were often referred to as “Reds” for their allegiance to the red Soviet flag.)
Researchers explore the role of 1950s-era social networks in the Hollywood "Red Scare." In the early 1950s, 300 actors, writers and others suspected of being communists were blacklisted in Hollywood and excluded from the workforce.
- In a bid to not only secure his career as a journalist & play writer and also to alert the American people against the government misinformation & propaganda that were headed their way, Miller started to ink The Crucible. Using the 'Salem Witch Trials' of the early 1690s as a precinct, Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible.
- The "Hollywood" Blacklist. In 1947, the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) held nine days of hearings that attempted to investigate alleged Communist propaganda and influence in the Hollywood Motion Picture Industry.
- Blacklisting is the action of a group or authority, compiling a blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list. As a verb, blacklist can mean to put an individual or entity on such a list.
Updated: 16th October 2019