However, these artificial lakes and reservoirs evaporate more water than the natural surface water flow before the dam was built, because dams generally increase the surface area of the body of water. This means that more water is exposed to air and direct sunlight, thus increasing evaporation.
In this manner, what does water reservoirs mean?
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids. These fluids may be water, hydrocarbons or gas. A reservoir usually means an enlarged natural or artificial lake, storage pond or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water.
What is the reservoir of a disease?
In infectious disease ecology and epidemiology, a natural reservoir, also known as a disease reservoir or a reservoir of infection, is the population of organisms or the specific environment in which an infectious pathogen naturally lives and reproduces, or upon which the pathogen primarily depends for its survival.
What are the different types of reservoirs?
There are three types of reservoirs:
- The valley-dammed reservoir, which floods a valley.
- The bank-side reservoir, which diverts water from local rivers.
- The service reservoir, which is usually a concrete structure holding water.