Just as the chloroplasts in plants act as sugar factories for the supply of ordered molecules to the plant, the mitochondria in animals and plants act to produce the ordered ATP molecules as the energy supply for the processes of life. A typical animal cell will have on the order of 1000 to 2000 mitochondria.
Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the purpose of mitochondria in plant cells?
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell. The biochemical processes of the cell are known as cellular respiration.
Why are mitochondria in plant cells?
Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria. Following this logic: if plant cells use ATP, and ATP is made in the mitochondria, then plant cells must have mitochondria. Plants need to do something with all that glucose they make!
Do all plant cells have mitochondria?
All animals and plants are made of cells. Animal cells and plant cells have features in common, such as a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria and ribosomes. Plant cells also have a cell wall, and often have chloroplasts and a permanent vacuole.