Why do asthmatics cough?
Like "classic" or "typical" asthma, no one really knows what causes cough-variant asthma. However, coughing may start after people are exposed to allergens, or when they are breathing in cold air. Coughing may also follow an upper respiratory infection. For example, sinusitis with asthma is common.
Coughing in people with asthma can be helpful because it's one of the body's natural defense mechanisms. A productive asthmatic cough will expel phlegm and mucus from the lungs. In most cases of asthma, the cough is considered nonproductive. An asthma cough is also often accompanied by wheezing.
- It's not uncommon to have a chronic cough and asthma. The issue, she explained, is that the cough may be your only symptom. You typically won't have other common symptoms of asthma, like wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.
- This may trigger nighttime coughing, which can cause more tightening of the airways. Increased drainage from your sinuses can also trigger asthma in highly sensitive airways. Sinusitis with asthma is quite common. Asthma problems may occur during sleep, despite when the sleep period is taking place.
- The duration of an attack can vary, depending on what caused it and how long the airways have been inflamed. Mild episodes may last only a few minutes; more severe ones can last from hours to days. Mild attacks can resolve spontaneously or may require medication, typically a quick-acting inhaler.
Leukotrienes are chemicals that are released from the lungs in people with asthma, causing inflammation and increased mucus production in the airways. They also cause the muscles lining the airways to contract, which narrows the airways.
- Other symptoms of an asthma attack may include:
- Severe wheezing when breathing both in and out.
- Coughing that won't stop.
- Very rapid breathing.
- Chest tightness or pressure.
- Tightened neck and chest muscles, called retractions.
- Difficulty talking.
- Feelings of anxiety or panic.
- Pale, sweaty face.
- Sinus infections, allergies, breathing in some chemicals, and acid reflux can also trigger attacks. Physical exercise; some medicines; bad weather, such as thunderstorms or high humidity; breathing in cold, dry air; and some foods, food additives, and fragrances can also trigger an asthma attack.
- Dr Tandon said long and constant use of inhaler is safe and asthma is completely curable. He added that there is an effective drug available in the country that can cure asthma. He, however, opined that "adherence to prescribed treatment is the most important aspect of managing a chronic disease like asthma".
Asthma is commonly associated with symptoms of chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing and/or wheezing. If you suffer from VCD, you usually have symptoms of troubled breathing and/or wheezing. In addition, you may commonly complain of throat tightness, hoarseness and difficulty getting air in.
- Here are the most common signs that a person who has been exposed to an allergen (anything that can cause an allergic reaction) might have anaphylaxis:
- difficulty breathing.
- tightness in the throat or feeling like the throat or airways are closing.
- hoarseness or trouble speaking.
- nasal stuffiness or coughing.
- It's also possible for stress and anxiety to cause a constant lump in the throat that doesn't go away and may even cause a tad bit of pain. Still, the most common cause of throat lumps is stress and anxiety, and many of those that suffer from anxiety symptoms or severe stress experience a lump in the throat.
- Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD) or Paradoxical Vocal Fold Movement (PVFM) occurs when the vocal cords (voice box) do not open correctly. VCD is sometimes confused with asthma because some of the symptoms are similar. In asthma, the airways (bronchial tubes) tighten, making breathing difficult.
Updated: 25th November 2019