Although the Andes Mountains extend from Venezuela to the southern tip of the continent, it is conventional to call “Andean” only the people who were once part of Tawantinsuyu, the Inca Empire in the Central Andes, or those influenced by it. Even so, the Andean region is very wide.
Likewise, what countries are in the Andes Mountains?
The Andes extend through the western part of South America in following countries:
- Argentina (not considered to be geopolitically an Andean State)
- Chile (not considered to be geopolitically an Andean State)
Where do the Andes mountains begin and end?
The Andes Mountains line the western edge of South America, from Venezuela all the way along Chile to South America's southern tip (about 9,000 km in all), making them the longest mountain range in the world. Along that route, they cross through Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
What kind of mountains are the Andes?
The Andes are the result of plate tectonics processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American plate. The main cause of the rise of the Andes is the compression of the western rim of the South American Plate due to the subduction of the Nazca Plate and the Antarctic Plate.