Who is the real enemy of the animals in Animal Farm?
As the novel opens the animals' enemy is Mr. Jones and animals' enemies everywhere are generally the farmers and humans they feel oppress them. As the novel progresses and the animals do away with their human enemy the enemy becomes Snowball. Napoleon uses Snowball as his scapegoat after he runs him off the farm.
Napoleon - The pig who emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Joseph Stalin, Napoleon uses military force (his nine loyal attack dogs) to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power. In his supreme craftiness, Napoleon proves more treacherous than his counterpart, Snowball.
- In George Orwell's Animal Farm, Moses the raven represents organized religion, hence the name “Moses.” Like their allegorical counterparts in the Russian Revolution, the ruling pigs initially considered religion to be an enemy of the people, and an “opiate of the masses.”
- Animal Farm is an allegory of the Russian Revolution and the subsequent policies of the U.S.S.R. Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin and, less directly, Napoleon Bonaparte, the latter in order to show how power corrupts. Snowball represents Leon Trotsky. And Old Major represents Karl Marx.
- Snowball is a character in George Orwell's Animal Farm. He is largely based on Leon Trotsky and describes how he led the opposition against Joseph Stalin (Napoleon), though he also includes elements of Vladimir Lenin.
Clover is Boxer's companion, a "stout motherly mare approaching middle life, who had never quite got her figure back after her fourth foal" (1.3). Ouch. That was way harsh, Orwell. Like Boxer, she's loyal and strong—the XX version of Boxer's stereotypical peasant dude.
- After the rebellion, the other animals want to know what Benjamin thinks of the new organization of Animal Farm. The only thing that he'll say is, "Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey" (3.4).
- Because the sheep are so, well, sheep-like, they're super easy to manipulate. At the end of the novel, the pigs start walking on two legs—so, Squealer teaches the sheep a new chant: "Four legs good, two legs better" (10.13). Obviously, the sheep are part of the problem.
- Benjamin. The donkey. He is the oldest animal on the farm and stereotypically stubborn and crotchety. He is also intelligent, being the only animal (aside from the pigs) that can read fluently.
Updated: 18th November 2019