Ramesses also relates how, in the second year of his reign, he defeated these people in a naval battle off the coast of Egypt. Ramesses allowed the Sea Peoples' war ships and their supply and cargo vessels to approach the mouth of the Nile where he had a small Egyptian fleet positioned in a defensive formation.
Herein, what year did the Bronze Age end?
The Longshan people of China live from around 3000 BC to 2400 BC. Toward the end of this period they are using bronze to make tools and weapons. The Bronze Age starts about 2300 BC in Europe. Few tools are made in the beginning, but by 1200 BC bronze has replaced all stone tools.
What is 1200 BC?
The 12th century BC is the period from 1200 to 1101 BC. The Late Bronze Age collapse in the ancient Near East and eastern Mediterranean is often considered to begin in this century.
A time line of ancient Egyptian history
|800 B.C.||728- Nubian king Piy conquered Egypt|
|700 B.C.||671- Assyrians attacked Egypt|
|600 B.C.||525- Persians conquered Egypt|
|400 B.C.||332- Alexander the Great conquered Egypt 305- Ptolemy I became pharaoh|
These settlers were the Philistines of the Bible. The name Palestine is derived from the name Philistine. A century or so after the settlement of the sea peoples the Egyptian Empire declined in power and influence. The sea-faring Philistines and the hill tribes of Hebrews battled each other for the control of Canaan.
The history of ancient Egypt is divided into three main periods: the Old Kingdom (about 2,700-2,200 B.C.E.), the Middle Kingdom (2,050-1,800 B.C.E.), and the New Kingdom (about 1,550-1,100 B.C.E.). The New Kingdom was followed by a period called the Late New Kingdom, which lasted to about 343 B.C.E.
The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh's body could be mummified after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh's body and his belongings.
Having said that, here is a list of top 10 oldest civilizations to ever exist in the world, starting with the most recent one first.
- The Persian civilization.
- Ancient Greek Civilization.
- Chinese Civilization.
- Mayan Civilization.
- Ancient Egyptian civilization.
- Indus Valley Civilization.
- Mesopotamian Civilization.
This principle of order is also paramount in the world's oldest religion still being practiced today: Hinduism (known to adherents as Sanatan Dharma, 'Eternal Order'). Although often viewed as a polytheistic faith, Hinduism is actually henotheistic.
According to geographer Matt Rosenberg: Ultimately, it is difficult to judge which country is the world's oldest due to a variety of complex factors. One might answer that San Marino, Japan, or China is the world's oldest country and still be accurate.
By many accounts, The Republic of San Marino, one of the world's smallest countries, is the world's oldest country. San Marino, which is completely surrounded by Italy, was founded on Sept. 3 in the year 301 B.C. However, it wasn't recognized as independent until 1631 A.D.
An official language of Sri Lanka, Singapore and two Indian states, Tamil is still spoken by approximately 70 million people across the world. Tamil has one of the oldest literary canons of any language in the world, with the earliest piece of Tamil writing, Sangam literature, dating to approximately 300 BCE.
Traditional Jewish exegesis such as Midrash (Genesis Rabbah 38) says that Adam spoke Hebrew because the names he gives Eve – Isha (Book of Genesis 2:23) and Chava (Genesis 3:20) – only make sense in Hebrew.
First millennium BC
|3rd century BC||Volscian||Tabula Veliterna|
|c. 260 BC||Middle Indo-Aryan (Prakrit)||Edicts of Ashoka|
|c. 200 BC||Tamil||cave inscriptions and potsherds in Tamil Nadu|
|2nd century BC||Meroitic||graffiti on the temple of Amun at Dukki Gel, near Kerma|
What are the World's Oldest Languages?
- Sanskrit. Linguist thought the Sanskrit was very influential to several languages in Europe.
- Tamil. By order of appearance, Tamil would be considered the world's oldest language as it is over 5,000 years old, having made its first appearance in 300 BC.
Here's our list of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
- Damascus, Syria. The Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria, is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. (
- Jericho, West Bank.
- Aleppo, Syria.
- Athens, Greece.
- Argos, Greece.
- Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
- Byblos, Lebanon.
- Sidon, Lebanon.
Here are the 10 hottest places on earth.
- Death Valley, California, USA. This currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded.
- Aziziyah, Libya.
- Dallol, Ethiopia.
- Wadi Halfa, Sudan.
- Dasht-e Loot, Iran.
- Tirat Zvi, Israel.
- Timbuktu, Mali.
- Kebili, Tunisia.
The city of Eridu, close to Uruk, was considered the first city in the world by the Sumerians while other cities which lay claim to the title of `first city' are Byblos, Jericho, Damascus, Aleppo, Jerusalem, Sidon, Luoyang, Athens, Argos, and Varasani.
The oldest sport. With the possible exception of athletics, wrestling is recognised as the world's oldest competitive sport. Indeed cave drawings of wrestlers have been found dating as far back as 3000 BC. The sport was introduced into the ancient Olympics in 708 BC.
Zircon crystals from the Jack Hills of Australia, like the one above, reveal that continents arose just 160 million years after our solar system formed, much earlier than previously thought. Australia holds the oldest continental crust on Earth, researchers have confirmed, hills some 4.4 billion years old.
The oldest geological material ever found, which are not technically rocks, are mineral grains called zircons found in Western Australia, which date back about 4.36 billion years. Technically, the oldest known rocks existing on Earth are not from Earth at all, but are instead of extraterrestrial origin .
The next oldest seafloor is found in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean and the north-eastern Pacific Ocean, as far as possible from the mid-ocean ridges where they were created. These parts of the seafloor are about 200 million years old. Age of the oceanic crust.
The preceding period is known as the Copper Age and is characterised by the production of flat axes, daggers, halberds and awls in copper. The period is divided into three phases: Early Bronze Age (2000–1500 BC), Middle Bronze Age (1500–1200 BC), and Late Bronze Age (1200–c. 500 BC).