2nd October 2019

wikipedia
16

Which transport layer protocol is used by DHCP?

The DHCP employs a connectionless service model, using the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). It is implemented with two UDP port numbers for its operations which are the same as for the BOOTP protocol. UDP port number 67 is the destination port of a server, and UDP port number 68 is used by the client.

What layer is DNS protocol?

In OSI stack terms, DNS runs in parallel to HTTP in the Application Layer (layer 7). DNS is in effect an application that is invoked to help out the HTTP application, and therefore does not sit "below" HTTP in the OSI stack. DNS itself also makes use of UDP and more rarely TCP, both of which in turn use IP.
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