What are the Latin Names of Chemical Elements?
In this way, what is the chemical name for gold?
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from Latin: aurum) and atomic number 79. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element.
Where did the name of gold come from?
Gold gets its English name from the Germanic word gulþa (meaning gold). The Old English word geolu means yellow. In Latin, gold was called aurum. That is why the chemical symbol for gold is Au.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from Latin: stannum) and atomic number 50. It is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table.
Tungsten is derived from the Swedish tung (heavy) and sten (stone) meaning heavy stone in reference to the mineral scheelite from which the trioxide was isolated. Since the symbol of the element is W it is logical and self-explanatory that it derives from wolfram and not from tungsten.
|Origins of Elemental Names|
|Actinium||Greek "aktis meaning beam or ray"|
|Silver||Latin "argentum" meaning 'silver'|
|Sodium||Latin "sodanum", a headache remedy|
|Strontium||Named after Strontion, a Scottish town|
Sulfur was discovered by known since ancient times in unknown at not known. Origin of name: from the Sanskrit word "sulvere" meaning "sulphur"; also from the Latin word "sulphurium" meaning "sulphur".
The name aluminum is derived from the ancient name for alum (potassium aluminum sulphate), which was alumen (Latin, meaning bitter salt). Aluminum was the original name given to the element by Humphry Davy but others called it aluminum and that became the accepted name in Europe.
From the English word soda and from the Medieval Latin word sodanum, which means "headache remedy." Sodium's chemical symbol comes from the Latin word for sodium carbonate, natrium.
Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford (GB) in 1772. The origin of the name comes from the Greek words nitron genes meaning nitre and forming and the Latin word nitrum (nitre is a common name for potassium nitrate, KNO3). It is a colourless, odourless, generally inert gas, minimally reactive at room temperature.
1. Elements named after Countries or Places
|Americium||Am||Made in 1945 at Chicago USA|
|Gallium||Ga||Named after the Latin name for France - Gallia|
|Germanium||Ge||Discovered in 1886 by a German Chemist - Winkler.|
|Polonium||Po||Discovered in 1898 by Marie Curie, who was Polish.|
|Scandium||Sc||Discovered and mined in Scandinavia|
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19. It was first isolated from potash, the ashes of plants, from which its name derives. In the periodic table, potassium is one of the alkali metals.
Neon was the second of these three rare gases to be discovered and was immediately recognized as a new element from its bright red emission spectrum. The name neon is derived from the Greek word, νέον, neuter singular form of νέος (neos), meaning new. Neon is chemically inert, and no uncharged neon compounds are known.
Latin was originally spoken in Latium, in the Italian Peninsula. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire. Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, French, and Romanian.
Calcium was named after the Latin term calx meaning lime, and is a reactive silvery metallic element found in Group 2 of the periodic table. It was first isolated in 1808 in England when Sir Humphry Davy electrolyzed a mixture of lime and mercuric oxide.
That's the case with tungsten. Its symbol is W, says Kean, “because the Germans call the element 'wolfram.' The Hg symbol for mercury, for example, derives from the Latin hydragyrum, which means “water silver,” and lead's Pb symbol comes from its Latin name, plumbum.
Etymology of Elements
|Holmium||Ho||Latin Holmia , the name for Stockholm|
|Hydrogen||H||Greek hydro and genes, meaning water-forming|
|Indium||In||Latin indicum, meaning violet or indigo|
|Iodine||I||Greek iodes, meaning violet|
The first form of elemental phosphorus that was produced (white phosphorus, in 1669) emits a faint glow when exposed to oxygen – hence the name, taken from Greek mythology, Φωσφόρος meaning "light-bearer" (Latin Lucifer), referring to the "Morning Star", the planet Venus (or Mercury).
Lead: history. Origin of name: from the Anglo-Saxon word "lead; Latin, plumbum" (the origin of the symbol Pb is the Latin word "plumbum" meaning "liquid silver".
I think it is fair to assume that borium is just a simple Latinization of boron. Azote was the original name coined for the element nitrogen, so its use is similar to boracium for boron, though additionally it is used as the term for the element in some other languages (see Wikipedia).