Alcohol, any of a class of organic compounds characterized by one or more hydroxyl (−OH) groups attached to a carbon atom of an alkyl group (hydrocarbon chain).
In this manner, why is alcohol an organic compound?
Alcohols are organic chemical compounds that include the -hydroxyl functional group: That is, alcohols are a class or category of organic chemical compounds that include a part consisting of an oxygen atom (attached to one of the carbon atoms in the molecule), to which a single hydrogen atom is also attached.
Is alcohol an acid or a base?
By the Arrhenius definition of an acid and base, alcohol is neither acidic nor basic when dissolved in water, as it neither produces H+ nor OH- in solution. By the Bronsted-Lowry definition, in other solvents such as DMSO or as a pure solution, ethanol can react with strong bases such as BuLi as a proton donor.
What is the general formula for alcohol?
An important class of alcohols, of which methanol and ethanol are the simplest members is the saturated straight chain alcohols, the general formula for which is CnH2n+1OH.