Which branch of government has the power to approve appointments of federal judges?
Other checks and balances include:. Executive over the judicial branch. The president appoints all federal judges. legislative branch must approve appointments that the president makes; the Senate must approve treatjes that the president makes; and the legislative branch may investigate the executive branch.
It gives the responsibility for nominating federal judges and justices to the president. It also requires nominations to be confirmed by the Senate. First, look at the numbers. More than 600 judges sit on district courts, almost 200 judges sit on courts of appeals, and 9 justices make up the Supreme Court.
- To be confirmed, the nominee needs a simple majority in the Senate. But Supreme Court nominees — at least as of now — can be still filibustered, which means that 60 senators must vote to keep the nomination alive.
- Nomination. Article Two of the United States Constitution requires the President of the United States to nominate Supreme Court Justices and, with Senate confirmation, requires Justices to be appointed.
- Justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Once confirmed, justices serve for life. They only leave the Supreme Court if they die, resign, retire, or are convicted on impeachment for bad behavior. There is no long list of special requirements to be appointed a Supreme Court justice.
- Selection of State Court Judges. Appointment: The state's governor or legislature will choose their judges. Merit Selection: Judges are chosen by a legislative committee based on each potential judge's past performance. Some states hold "retention elections" to determine if the judge should continue to serve.
- The initial term of office is eight years, except for circuit court judges, who are elected to six-year terms. Judges are subject to reelection. CALIFORNIA: The governor appoints nominees to the supreme court and courts of appeals to 12-year terms.
- Under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution and law of the United States, certain federal positions appointed by the president of the United States require confirmation (advice and consent) of the United States Senate.
The initial term of office is eight years, except for circuit court judges, who are elected to six-year terms. Judges are subject to reelection. CALIFORNIA: The governor appoints nominees to the supreme court and courts of appeals to 12-year terms.
- Non-Article III Judges of the District Courts. These are officers of the district court who are appointed by a majority vote of the active judges of that court. These judges serve a term of 8 years, and are given duties by the district court judges.
- As stated in the Constitution, Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate. If appointed, a federal judge serves a life term.
- Federal Judges Serve a Life Term. The second factor that helps judges to remain independent is their life term. The lifetime term provides job security, and allows appointed judges to do what is right under the law, because they don't have to fear that they will be fired if they make an unpopular decision.
Updated: 4th November 2019