Which blade is hot on a polarized plug?
This means the plug has a small blade for the hot wire and a wide blade for the neutral wire, and the wires feeding those blades should not be reversed when you put a new plug on. Always use a polarized plug for a lamp, extension cord or any other cord that's polarized to begin with.
The wide prong on the plug links the threaded base of light bulbs to the neutral terminal (the wider slot) in the receptacle. If the wires are reversed, the hot side of the outlet (the side that can deliver a shock) is wired to the threaded socket.
- Neutral: The white wire is called the neutral wire. Like the neutral wire, the ground wire is also connected to an earth ground. However, the neutral and ground wires serve two distinct purposes. The neutral wire forms a part of the live circuit along with the hot wire.
- Neutral colors include black, white, gray, and sometimes brown and beige. They are sometimes called “earth tones.” In Circus, Georges Seurat uses many different neutral colors. You can see a few glimpses of red, blue, and yellow in this painting.
- There's a hot wire (positive), a neutral wire, and ground. I ~assume~ that in an AC circuit, positive correlates to positive, neutral to negative, and ground to ground. Transformers will correlate the +/- when changing DC.
The high voltage (about 120 volts effective, 60 Hz AC) is supplied to the smaller prong of the standard polarized U.S. receptacle. It is commonly called the "hot wire". If an appliance is plugged into the receptacle, then electric current will flow through the appliance and then back to the wider prong, the neutral.
- This form of power is most commonly produced by sources such as solar cells, batteries, and thermocouples. DC power is widely used in low voltage applications such as charging batteries, automotive applications, aircraft applications and other low voltage, low current applications.
- A power inverter, or inverter, is an electronic device or circuitry that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). The input voltage, output voltage and frequency, and overall power handling depend on the design of the specific device or circuitry.
- The basic reason is that you need a changing magnetic field in order to induce a voltage in a loop of wire. So transformers work with AC since the magnetic field is oscillating at 60 Hertz. If you plug the transformer into a DC circuit, the magnetic field is a constant, after a short initial spike.
Lamp power cords are usually single color paired wire (white, brown, etc). Look at the wire carefully. One side will have ribs on it and the other side will be smooth and will probably have markings on it. The smooth side is the hot and the ribbed side is the neutral.
- Black, Red and Blue are used for hot wires and White is used as the neutral wire in a 120/208 V circuit. Brown, Orange and Yellow are used as hot wires and gray is used as the neutral wire in a 277/480 V. For grounding, regardless of the voltage, Green is used.
- The wiring in some homes is encased in conduit. The metal conduit is allowed to serve as the ground conductor, so bare or green wires are not used. The white wire is the neutral, and all other colors are hot. Electricians often use black, red or blue wires to deliver electricity to a circuit from the main panel.
- Neutral: The white wire is called the neutral wire. Ground: The bare wire is called the ground wire. Like the neutral wire, the ground wire is also connected to an earth ground. However, the neutral and ground wires serve two distinct purposes. The neutral wire forms a part of the live circuit along with the hot wire.
Updated: 2nd November 2019