Where did Jacques Cartier go to?
When French navigator Jacques Cartier left France by boat in April 1534, the king ordered him to find gold, spices (which were valuable at that time), and a water passage from France to Asia. Two months later, on June 9, Cartier sailed into the waters of the St. Lawrence River in eastern Canada.
French navigator Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, 1491, in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France, and was sent by King Francis I to the New World in search of riches and a new route to Asia in 1534. His exploration of the St. Lawrence River allowed France to lay claim to lands that would become Canada.
- Samuel de Champlain
- Jacques Cartier's First North American Voyage. Cartier was believed to have traveled to Brazil and Newfoundland before 1534. That year, the government of King Francis I commissioned Cartier to lead an expedition to the “northern lands,” as the east coast of North America was then known.
- The city is known for its location on the Saint Lawrence River as well as its historic Old Quebec which features fortified city walls. Quebec City, like most of the province of Quebec, is a predominantly French-speaking city. It is also known for its architecture, European feel, and various annual festivals.
Jacques Cartier Sailed Up the St. Lawrence River. When French navigator Jacques Cartier left France by boat in April 1534, the king ordered him to find gold, spices (which were valuable at that time), and a water passage from France to Asia.
- In search of fame and fortune, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480-1521) set out from Spain in 1519 with a fleet of five ships to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean.
- Afterward, Rajah Humabon and his ally Datu Zula convinced Magellan to kill their enemy, Datu Lapu-Lapu, on Mactan. Magellan wanted to convert Lapu-Lapu to Christianity, as he had Humabon, but Lapu-Lapu rejected that. On the morning of 27 April 1521, Magellan sailed to Mactan with a small attack force.
- Roman Catholic
The name of Jacques Cartier's ship was the Grande Hermine - see the above picture. the Grande Hermine was a small ship and measured about 70 feet long. The expedition sets out for North America in April 1534. The first voyage of Jacques Cartier lasted 137 days, after which time he returned to France.
- In Italy, he is known as Giovanni Caboto (which is his original name). Cabot was born in Italy but moved to England in 1495. At the request of King Henry VII of England, Cabot sailed to Canada in 1497, commanding the small ship called "Matthew."
- Giovanni Caboto
- He opened up a trade route with the East by sea. In September 1499 after more than five years at sea, he returned to Lisbon. Portugal continued to trade with India and became a very rich and powerful country. Thus in 1502 Da Gama returned to India for a second time to claim the land for Portugal.
Updated: 16th October 2019