Where are motor and sensory functions integrated?
The corpus callosum transfers motor, sensory, and cognitive information between the brain hemispheres. Broca's area is located in the lower portion of the left frontal lobe. An area of the cerebral cortex where motor and sensory functions are integrated.
The nervous system is a highly integrated system. The nervous system has three overlapping functions based on sensory input, integration, and motor output. At a more integrative level, the primary function of the nervous system is to control and communicate information throughout the body.
- The sympathetic nervous system originates in the spinal cord and its main function is to activate the physiological changes that occur during the fight-or-flight response. This component of the autonomic nervous system utilises and activates the release of norepinephrine in the reaction.
- The autonomic nervous system also has two divisions: the sympathetic division and the parasympathetic division. These two divisions have antagonistic (opposing) effects on the internal organs they innervate (send nerves to = act on). The sympathetic division, shown at the left, is the emergency system.
- The autonomic nervous system is a control system that acts largely unconsciously and regulates bodily functions such as the heart rate, digestion, respiratory rate, pupillary response, urination, and sexual arousal. Within the brain, the autonomic nervous system is regulated by the hypothalamus.
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.
- The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. The somatic system consists of nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord with muscles and sensory receptors in the skin.
- In vertebrates it consists of two main parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. The PNS consists mainly of nerves, which are enclosed bundles of the long fibers or axons, that connect the CNS to every other part of the body.
- Jobs of the nervous system. It receives sensory impulses from the sensory organs through sensory nerve fibers, analyzes and interprets this information and starts the motor impulses which are carried to muscles and glands which act on these impulses and cause the body to react.
Updated: 17th October 2018