Where was the first machine gun invented?
This rapid-firing weapon was known as the Gatling gun. The first Gatling guns were used in the American Civil War. These guns were rapid-firing, but they depended on the arm of the operator to crank out the bullets. In 1884, Hiram Maxim invented the first machine gun.
Who invented the first machine gun?
Richard Jordan Gatling
The British Army formally adopted the Vickers gun as its standard machine gun on 26 November 1912, using it alongside their Maxims. There were still great shortages when the First World War began, and the British Expeditionary Force was still equipped with Maxims when sent to France in 1914.
Crude machine guns had first been used in the American Civil War (1861 to 1865). However, tactics from this war to 1914 had not changed to fit in with this new weapon. Machine guns could shoot hundreds of rounds of ammunition a minute and the standard military tactic of World War One was the infantry charge.
The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production. It has been called "the weapon most associated with the British imperial conquest", and likewise was used in colonial wars by other countries between 1886–1914.
The first practical self-powered machine gun was invented in 1884 by Sir Hiram Maxim.
But Gatling soon improved on the original six-barrel, .58 caliber version of the gun, which fired 350 rounds a minute, by designing a ten-barrel, .30 caliber model, which fired 400 rounds a minute.
On this day in 1718, London lawyer James Puckle patented the “Defence Gun.” The first well-documented rapid-fire gun in the world, the Defence Gun is considered a precursor of the machine gun. Since the 14th century, inventors had been attempting to create small caliber, rapid-fire artillery.
The "Mini" in the name is in comparison to larger caliber designs that use a rotary barrel design, such as General Electric's earlier 20-millimeter M61 Vulcan, and "gun" for the use of rifle caliber bullets as opposed to autocannon shells. The Minigun is used by several branches of the U.S. military.
The Rate of Fire for a minigun is variable, ranging from 2,000 RPM to 6,000 RPM. 2,000 divided by 60 is 33 bullets coming out of this beast's mouth per second. For one second of firing a minigun chambered in .308, it would cost you $14.19. For a full minute of firing, it would cost you $860 dollars.
The "Mini" in the name is in comparison to designs that use a similar firing mechanism but larger shells, such as General Electric's earlier 20-millimeter M61 Vulcan, and "gun" for a caliber size smaller than that of a cannon, typically 20 mm and higher. The Minigun is used by several branches of the U.S. military.
The Heavy claims that it costs 400,000 dollars to fire the Minigun for twelve seconds, presumably not counting the spin-up time. At the claimed 10,000 rounds per minute, the cost of each bullet would be $200. In game, the Minigun fires 4 rounds every .1 second, or 2,400 bullets per minute.
Light machine guns, such as the Squad Assault Weapon, or SAW, can be wielded and carried by one soldier. Generally they are 5.56 caliber thus a light caliber and a light weapon. Heavy machine guns are mounted to vehicles, stationary, or manned by crews of soldiers and fire much heavier munitions.
Hiram Stevens Maxim of the United States was the first inventor to incorporate this effect in a weapon design. The Maxim machine gun (c. 1884) was quickly followed by others—the Hotchkiss, Lewis, Browning, Madsen, Mauser, and other guns.
The M2 Browning machine gun with a tripod weighs 58 kg (128 lb). The heavy machine gun or HMG is a class of machine gun implying greater characteristics than general purpose or medium machine guns. There are two generally recognized classes of weapons identified as heavy machine guns.
The handset of a cordless telephone, for example, might weigh 4–6 ounces (100–170 g). The standard M1911A1 pistol weights 38 ounces (1100 g) empty - it's 48 ounces(1400 g) loaded.
M249 light machine gun
|Light Machine Gun, 5.56 mm, M249|
|Weight||7.5 kg (17 lb) empty 10 kg (22 lb) loaded|
|Length||40.75 in (1,035 mm)|
The machine gun, which so came to dominate and even to personify the battlefields of World War One, was a fairly primitive device when general war began in August 1914. Machine guns of all armies were largely of the heavy variety and decidedly ill-suited to portability for use by rapidly advancing infantry troops.