When did the Zhou Dynasty begin and end?
Thus the Shang Dynasty ended in 1046 BC. Later, Wuwang established the Zhou Dynasty and made Haojing (the present Chang'an County, Shaanxi Province) its capital. This dynasty was the longest in Chinese history. It lasted for over 800 years and included the reigns of 37 emperors.
During the Zhou dynasty, the origins of native Chinese philosophy developed, its initial stages beginning in the 6th century BC. The greatest Chinese philosophers, those who made the greatest impact on later generations of Chinese, were Confucius, founder of Confucianism, and Laozi, founder of Taoism.
- The Zhou agreed on a standardized spoken language, which was considered a huge advancement in Chinese history. This spoken language was used throughout many Chinese dynasties, and is one of the most well known accomplishments of the Zhou Dynasty. This language is sometimes known as Old Chinese, or Archaic Chinese.
- Tang Dynasty (618–907) Taoism gained official status in China during the Tang Dynasty, whose emperors claimed Laozi as their relative. However, it was forced to compete with Confucianism and Buddhism, its major rivals, for patronage and rank.
- To Confucius, the main objective of being an educator was to teach people to live with integrity. Through his teachings, he strove to resurrect the traditional values of benevolence, propriety and ritual in Chinese society.
During the Zhou Dynasty two important religions or philosophies emerged - Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was born from the ideas and teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. The Zhou Dynasty moved from worshipping a supreme god to worshipping heaven.
- This working out of Li is especially important in what Confucianism holds as the Five Key Relationships; they are the relationship of ruler to subject, father to son, husband to wife, elder to younger and friend to friend. If one follows the concept of Li, each of these relationships will be marked with harmony.
- Printing, paper money, porcelain, tea, restaurants, gunpowder, the compass—the number of things that Chinese of the Song Dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) gave to the world is mind-boggling. This vibrant period in Chinese history was marked by economic prosperity and remarkable technological innovation.
- During the Zhou Dynasty two important religions or philosophies emerged - Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was born from the ideas and teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. The Zhou Dynasty moved from worshipping a supreme god to worshipping heaven.
Around 1046 BC, King Wu, the leader of the Zhou (Chou), a subject people living in the west of the Chinese kingdom, overthrew the last king of the Shang Dynasty. King Wu died shortly after this victory, but his family, the Ji, would rule China for the next few centuries. Their dynasty is known as the Zhou Dynasty.
- Achievements. The main achievement of the Qin is the fact that it unified China, creating the first dynasty ruled by the first emperor Qin Shi Huang. Other well-known achievements is the creation of the Great Wall and a large army of Terracotta Warriors.
- The original Zhou capital had been located near present-day Xi'an in Shaanxi on the Wei River above its confluence with the Huang He (Yellow River). To support the empire in the east and its loyal feudal rulers, an eastern capital was built at Luoyang on the middle reaches of the Huang He.
- The Shang dynasty (/??ːŋ/; Chinese: ??; pinyin: Shāng cháo) or Yin dynasty (/j?n/; ??; Yīn dài), according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
Updated: 25th November 2019