2nd October 2019
What would happen if you mix vinegar with a solution of ammonia?
In terms of pH, explain what would happen if you mixed vinegar with a solution of ammonia. Vinegar is an acid and ammonia is a base, so a neutralization reaction would occur. The pH would be closer to 7 than either vinegar or ammonia alone. A salt and water would be produced.
Is it OK to mix ammonia and baking soda?
The folks over at Apartment Therapy recommend weekly cleaning with hot water and a bit of dishwashing soap, but for occasional deep cleaning, they turn to baking soda and ammonia. Just mix 1/4 cup of ammonia and 1/4 cup of baking soda into a paste. Scrub the porcelain with a non-abrasive sponge and rinse well.
16 Common Product Combinations You Should Never Mix
- Bleach + Vinegar = Toxic Chlorine Gas.
- Ammonia + Bleach = Toxic Chloramine Vapors.
- Rubbing Alcohol + Bleach = Chloroform.
- Hydrogen Peroxide + Vinegar = Parecetic Acid.
- Baking Soda + Vinegar = Ineffective Cleaning Solution.
- Two Different Battery Brands = Corrosion.
- Medicine + Grapefruit Juice = Adverse Effects.
Take baking soda and vinegar, for example. Mixing those two ingredients will get you a reaction, but it won't taste good. In the right amounts and containers, the mixture can even be downright explosive! Baking soda and vinegar react chemically because one is a base and the other is an acid.
Homemade Cleaners for Windows: Mix two tablespoons of ammonia OR white vinegar with two quarts or warm water. Mix one-half cup ammonia, one pint of 70 percent rubbing alcohol and one teaspoon of liquid dishwashing detergent. Mix one tablespoon liquid dishwashing detergent with one quart water.
Universal Indicator changes color when mixed with an acid or base. The Universal Indicator Color Guide shows that Universal Indicator turns red when it is added to a strong acid, it turns purple when it is added to a strong base, and it turns a yellowish-green when it is added to a neutral solution.
It is also a reminder that the mixing of bleach with some household cleansers (e.g. toilet bowl cleansers that contain acid) can generate chlorine gas, and mixing bleach with ammonia generates toxic chloramine vapor. Mixing bleach and ammonia is extremely dangerous, since toxic vapors will be produced.
Uses of bases
- Sodium hydroxide is used in manufacture of soap, paper and a synthetic fiber called "rayon".
- Calcium hydroxide (slaked lime) is used in the manufacture of bleaching powder.
- Calcium hydroxide is also used to clean the sulfur dioxide, which is caused by exhaust, that is found in power plants and factories.
A simple solution is basically two substances that are evenly mixed together, but the mixture is homogeneous. This is because the solute dissolves in the solution. A solute is the substance to be dissolved (sugar). The solvent is the one doing the dissolving (water).
Litmus paper has a mixture of different dyes in it. (Interestingly, the dyes are often taken from lichens.) The paper is then placed in a solution, and will turn blue if it is basic or red if it is acidic. If it does not change color, it is fairly neutral (pH in the 5-8 range).
Absolutely, but the weak acid would have to be more concentrated. pH is determined by the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution. A strong acid will donate the same amount of hydrogen ions as its concentration. So, for HCl, a strong acid, you only need 0.0013 M to reach the same pH.
Acids taste sour, conduct electricity when dissolved in water, and react with metals to produce hydrogen gas. Certain indicator compounds, such as litmus, can be used to detect acids. Acids turn blue litmus paper red. The strength of acids is measured on the pH scale.
This is because the acid reacts with the alkali to form neutral products. A reaction in which acidity or alkalinity is removed is called neutralisation. A neutralisation involving an acid and a base (or alkali) always produces salt and water.
A salt is the product of an acid-base reaction and is a much broader term then common table salt as shown in the first reaction. The following are some examples of neutralization reactions to form salts. The carbonic acid then further reacts with the lime water in the neutralization reaction.
A neutralization reaction is when an acid and a base react to form water and a salt and involves the combination of H+ ions and OH- ions to generate water. The neutralization of a strong acid and strong base has a pH equal to 7.
Use a weak acid to neutralize bases. Examples include sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, and ammonia. Many different products aid in the neutralization of acids and bases. They can be as simple as a bag of citric acid or sodium sesquicarbonate, or as complex as a solidifier and neutralizer combined.
For example copper oxide and sodium hydroxide. Here are general word equations for what happens in their neutralisation reactions with acids. Notice that a salt and water are always produced. The exact salt made depends upon which acid and base were used.
Bases have a bitter taste. Bases feel slippery. Bases do not react with metals or carbonates.
Metals. Acids will react with reactive metals, such as magnesium and zinc, to make a salt and hydrogen. The hydrogen causes bubbling during the reaction. It can be detected using a lighted splint, which causes the gas to burn with a squeaky pop.
When an acid reacts with metal, a salt and hydrogen are produced: acid + metal → salt + hydrogen An example: nitric acid + calcium → calcium nitrate + hydrogen The salt that is produced depends upon which acid and which metal react.