Archimedes' Greatest Achievements: In the 3rd

**Century**BC, Archimedes: invented the sciences of mechanics and hydrostatics. discovered the laws of levers and pulleys, which allow us to move heavy objects using small forces.When did Archimedes live and die?

Archimedes was

**born**in the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. He was the son of an astronomer and mathematician named Phidias. Aside from that, very little is known about the early life of Archimedes or his family.What is an Archimedes screw and what is it used for?

An

**Archimedes**'**screw**, also known by the name the**Archimedean screw**or**screw**pump, is a machine historically (and also currently) used for transferring water from a low-lying body of water into irrigation ditches.1

## What is Archimedes most famous for?

**Archimedes**was born in Syracuse on the eastern coast of Sicily and educated in Alexandria in Egypt. He is

**most famous for**discovering the law of hydrostatics, sometimes known as '

**Archimedes**' principle', stating that a body immersed in fluid loses weight equal to the weight of the amount of fluid it displaces.

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## What are the achievements of Archimedes?

The achievements of Archimedes are quite

**outstanding**. He is considered by most historians of mathematics as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He perfected a methods of integration which allowed him to find areas, volumes, surface areas, and centers of mass of many geometrical objects.3

## What did Archimedes do?

The discovery of the displacement of water in the bath tub led into hydrostatics. He also

**did**work in integral calculus and work on pi. King Hiero came to**Archimedes**to get help in developing weapons to fight the Roman general Marcellus, who attacked Syracuse by both land and sea.4

## What did Archimedes discover relating to density?

He knew that since he could measure the crown's volume, all he

**had**to do was**discover**its weight in order to calculate its**density**and hence its purity.**Archimedes**was so exuberant about his**discovery**that he ran down the streets of Syracuse naked shouting, “Eureka!” which meant “I've found it!” in Greek.5

## What is the name of the school did Archimedes go to?

Archimedes studied in the learning capital of

**Alexandria**, Egypt, at the school that had been established by the Greek mathematician**Euclid**(third century B.C.E. ). He later returned to live in his native city of**Syracuse**.6

## What is the quote by Archimedes?

“Give me a place to stand and I will move the earth.” “Give me but a firm spot on which to stand, and I shall move the earth.” “Give me a place to stand, and a lever long

**enough**, and I will move the world. ”7

## What did Euclid discover?

Although Euclid is a

**famous**mathematician, very**little**is known about his life. It is believed that he was a student of Plato. Euclid was born around 365 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt and lived until about 300 B.C. Euclid's most**famous**work is his collection of 13 books, dealing with geometry, called The Elements.8

## Who is Archimedes and what is his principle?

**Archimedes**'

**principle**, physical law of buoyancy, discovered by

**the**ancient Greek mathematician and inventor

**Archimedes**, stating that any body completely or partially submerged in a fluid (gas or liquid) at rest is acted upon by an upward, or buoyant, force

**the**magnitude of which is equal to

**the**weight of

**the**fluid

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## What is the definition of Archimedes Principle?

**Archimedes**'

**principle**states that the upward buoyant force that

**is**exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether fully or partially submerged,

**is**equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces and acts in the upward direction at the center of mass of the displaced fluid.

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## Who invented the Archimedes screw water pump?

**Archimedes**(287-212 B.C.) is the traditional

**inventor**of this device, which was originally used for irrigation in the Nile delta and for

**pumping**out ships. I have seen a nineteenth century

**Archimedes**'

**screw**still at work

**pumping water**in a windmill at Schermerhoorn in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.

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## What method did Archimedes use to approximate the value of pi?

Archimedes' method finds an approximation of pi by determining the length of the perimeter of a

**polygon inscribed**within a circle (which is less than the circumference of the circle) and the perimeter of a**polygon circumscribed**outside a circle (which is greater than the circumference).12

## Who is the mother of Archimedes?

Archimedes was

**born**in 287 B.C. in Syracuse, a Greek seaport. Syracuse is located in Sicily. Archimedes's father,**Phidias**, was an astronomer. A lot of Archimedes's works were lost or burnt so we do not know who Archimedes's mother was, the number of brothers and sisters he had, and if he was married or not.14

## What is the Archimedes death ray?

**Archimedes Death Ray**: October, 2005. Ancient Greek and Roman historians recorded that during the siege of Syracuse in 212 BC,

**Archimedes**(a notably smart person) constructed a burning glass to set the Roman warships, anchored within bow and arrow range, afire.

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## What is the meaning of the name Archimedes?

Derived from the Greek elements αρχος (archos) "master" and μηδομαι (medomai) "to think, to plan". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek mathematician, astronomer and inventor.

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## Who discovered the pi?

The Babylonians estimated pi to be about 25/8 (3.125), while the Egyptians estimated it to be about 256/81 (roughly 3.16). The

**Ancient Greek**mathematician**Archimedes of Syracuse**(287-212 BC) is largely considered to be the first to calculate an accurate estimation of the value of pi.17

## Who was friends with Archimedes?

Ancient Greek biographer Plutarch, relates

**Archimedes**to King Hiero II of Syracuse. He says**Archimedes**achieved so much fame because of his relation to King Hiero II and Gelon (son of King Hiero II). He was a close**friend**of Gelon and helped Hiero solve complex problem with extreme ease, utterly amazing his**friend**.