What was the main purpose of the Roman army?
The legionaries would throw it at the enemy as they ran at them. It was not for hand-to-hand fighting. The main purpose of the pilum was to disrupt the defence of the enemy. They would be too concerned worrying about avoiding the incoming weapons to focus on what the legionnaires themselves were doing.
The Roman Army was a powerful force due to their strong discipline and extensive organization skills. Roman troops always fought in formation, as a group, and this made them quite powerful especially against less organized enemies who frequently fought with little formation.
- The Roman Empire was powerful, due to its strong military tactics. Roman military policies helped to expand the empire. The soldiers were trained in the latest tactics of war and were well equipped with the weapons of war.
- A Roman soldier wore armour made from strips of iron and leather (lorica segmentata in Latin). On his head was a metal helmet (galea). He carried a rectangular shield (scutum), curved so it protected his body. The shield was made of wood and leather.
- During this period the Republican system of citizen-conscription was replaced by a standing professional army of mainly volunteers serving standard 20-year terms (plus 5 as reservists), although many in the service of the empire would serve as many as 30 to 40 years on active duty, as established by the first Roman
The Roman Empire was created and controlled by its soldiers. At the core of the army were its legions, which were without equal in their training, discipline and fighting ability. By the time Augustus came to power, the army contained 60 legions. Each of these was divided into ten cohorts of up to 480 men.
- The Roman Army created the Roman Empire - a huge part of Western Europe - and Rome itself greatly benefited from the riches that the army brought back from its conquered territories. Why were the Romans able to expand their control of Italy? They were able to conquer the Italian peninsula over 50 years.
- Ancient Roman Aqueducts - Crystalinks. An aqueduct is a water supply or navigable channel constructed to convey water. In modern engineering, the term is used for any system of pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and other structures used for this purpose.
- A typical legion of this period had 5,120 legionaries as well as a large number of camp followers, servants and slaves. Legions could contain as many as 6,000 fighting men when including the auxiliaries, although much later in Roman history the number was reduced to 1,040 to allow for greater mobility.
The Roman army had also other important roles. Besides the building of the military sites, they also built roads, bridges, water conduits, canals and ships. The ships were supposed to be used mainly for military uses, but also helped with the foundation of the quick economic development of the province.
- SPQR is an initialism of a phrase in Latin: Senātus Populusque Rōmānus ("The Roman Senate and People", or more freely as "The Senate and People of Rome"; Classical Latin: [s?ˈnaː.t?s p?p?ˈl?s.k?? roːˈmaː.n?s]), referring to the government of the ancient Roman Republic, and used as an official emblem of the modern-day
- The Roman legionary (Latin: legionarius, pl. legionarii) was a professional heavy infantryman of the Roman army after the Marian reforms. Legionaries had to be Roman citizens under the age of 45.
- Early Rome was deeply influenced by Etruscan culture (the word “Rome” is Etruscan). The Etruscans also gained control of Corsica. The Etruscan alphabet is Greek in its origins. They in turn passed on their alphabet to the Romans.
Updated: 2nd October 2019