The Haitian Revolution was the result of a long struggle on the part of the slaves in the French colony of St. Domingue, but was also propelled by the free Mulattoes who had long faced the trials of being denoted as semi-citizens.
Correspondingly, what was the main objective of the Haitian Revolution?
*Very 1st goal is they had was to abolish slavery in St. Domingue. *Jean Jacques was one of the leaders in slavery. *Henry Christopher was a key leader in the Haitian Revolution. *Alexandre Petion was a leader because his parents never became slaves.
L'Ouverture, a former slave, had joined the rebellion in 1791 in hope of bringing slavery to an end. His military career as a leader of the Haitian Revolution began when he led several negotiations between the rebels and Spain for military supplies.
Louverture's prominent role in the Haitian success over colonialism and slavery had earned him the admiration of friends and detractors alike. Toussaint Louverture began his military career as a leader of the 1791 slave rebellion in the French colony of Saint-Domingue; he was by then a free black man and a Jacobin.
Two months after his defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte's colonial forces, Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaims the independence of Saint-Domingue, renaming it Haiti after its original Arawak name. In 1791, a slave revolt erupted on the French colony, and Toussaint-Louverture, a former slave, took control of the rebels.
The Haitian Revolution created the second independent country in the Americas after the United States became independent in 1783. Prior to and after U.S. independence, American merchants enjoyed a healthy trade with St. Domingue. The French Revolution had a great impact on the colony.
- Toussaint LouvertureHaitian leader Toussaint Louverture, 1805. © Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com.
- Dessalines, Jean-JacquesJean-Jacques Dessalines, undated engraving. © Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com.
- Pétion, Alexandre SabèsAlexandre Sabès Pétion. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (LC-USZ61-1612)
Abolition and independence
|Final abolition of slavery||Date of independence|
The country of Haiti makes up the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. Hispanola is between Cuba and Puerto Rico, and the eastern two-thirds of the island is the Dominican Republic. The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince. Haiti is one of poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere.
The official name was La Española, meaning "The Spanish (Island)". The French called their portion of Hispaniola Saint-Domingue, the French equivalent of Santo Domingo. The Spanish colony on Hispaniola remained separate, and eventually became the Dominican Republic, the capital of which is still named Santo Domingo.
The Origins of the Latin American Revolutions, 1808–1826. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1965. Kaufman, William W.. British Policy and the Independence of Latin America, 1804–1828.
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Independence of Brazil. It is celebrated on 7 September, the anniversary of the date in 1822 that prince regent Dom Pedro declared Brazil's independence from Portugal. Formal recognition came with a treaty signed by both Brazil and Portugal in late 1825.
People began to question the authority of the king, and liberal ideas sparked a revolution in Portugal that eventually brought the very reluctant King John back to Portugal in 1820. Upon his departure, he left his son Dom Pedro as regent to rule Brazil in his absence.
Brazil Facts for Kids
- Brazil is the largest country in South America.
- The name Brazil comes from a tree named brazilwood.
- It is called Brasil in Portuguese, the official language spoken in Brazil.
- Brazil is the only country in South America that speaks Portuguese.
- Portugal claimed the land of Brazil in the year 1500.
Brazil - History. The Portuguese were the first European settlers to arrive in the area, led by adventurous Pedro Cabral, who began the colonial period in 1500. The Portuguese reportedly found native Indians numbering around seven million.
Europeans arrived in Brazil at the opening of the 16th century. The first European to colonize what is now the Federative Republic of Brazil on the continent of South America was Pedro Álvares Cabral (c.1467/1468-c.1520) on April 22, 1500 under the sponsorship of the Kingdom of Portugal.
The financial strain of servicing old debt and the excesses of the current royal court caused dissatisfaction with the monarchy, contributed to national unrest, and culminated in the French Revolution of 1789.