The term "camera obscura" was first used by the German astronomer Johannes Kepler in 1604. In 1827, Joseph Nicephore Niepce captured an image on a bitumen-coated metal plate using a pinhole camera to produce the first photographic image he dubbed heliographs.
Moreover, what is a camera obscura and how is it used?
The camera obscura, literally "dark room", is a device that makes use of an optical phenomenon in which light rays reverse themselves when they pass through a small aperture. At its most basic, light rays pass through a tiny hole and recreate themselves upside down on a screen that is placed parallel to the hole.
What is a camera obscura and how does it work?
The Camera Obscura is an ancient optical device. In its most basic form it is, quite simply, a dark room with a small hole in one wall. On the wall opposite the hole, an image is formed of whatever is outside. This image is upside-down (inverted) and back to front (laterally transposed).
Why was the camera obscura invented?
The box form of Camera Obscura shown at the right was invented by Johann Zahn in 1685. This example is in the historical apparatus collection at Transylvania University, and is of the form used by William Henry Fox Talbot for his experiments with photography in the 1830s.