If your area is suited to cool-season grasses, consider fescue. Varieties such as tall fescue, creeping red fescue, and hard fescue have are adapted to many soil types (including sandy soil), and they're drought-tolerant once established. If you live in a warm climate, options include Zoysia, Bermuda, or Bahia.
Planting grass seed in sand requires first laying down a few inches of compost or good potting soil in which the grass will take root. Get grass to grow from sand with lawn care tips from a sustainable gardener in this free video on growing grass.
Sod can be installed over nearly any type of soil -- sand, silt, clay or loam -- if a 4- to 6-inch layer of topsoil is first added. If you'd like to lay sod directly onto sand, sod grows best over a sandy loam, which is soil that is mostly sand with a little clay and silt.
For cool-season grass, rye and fine and tall fescues offer the most shade tolerance. They require four hours of sun minimum to survive. Warm-season grasses that grow in some shade include zoysia and St. Augustine. When shopping for grass seed, choose shade-tolerant blends adapted to your region.
Ammophila (synonymous with Psamma P. Beauv.) is a genus of flowering plants consisting of two or three very similar species of grasses. The common names for these grasses include marram grass, bent grass, and beachgrass. These grasses are found almost exclusively on the first line of coastal sand dunes.
Shady Spot. You can grow a pretty swath of lawn in a shady spot, as long as you pick the right grass and take care of it properly. Most turf grasses need at least four hours of direct sun to survive, but specialized shade-tolerant grass blends thrive in four hours of dappled sun or partial shade.
Plant cool-season grasses as seed during the fall or early spring. Varieties that grow in a clay-loam soil include annual ryegrass, colonial bent grass, hard fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass and red fescue. Plant warm-season grasses as plugs from late spring through early summer.
Planting Zoysiagrass. Zoysiagrass can be grown from seed, sod, or plugs. Zoysia is a slow grower so sod or plugs are most commonly used. However, there are innovative seed products on the market, such as Scotts® Turf Builder® Zoysia Grass Seed and Mulch that make seeding zoysia a good option.
Most southern lawn grasses have a coarser leaf texture than those grown further north (e.g., fescue, bluegrass, and ryegrass), especially Florida's three most-used lawn grasses: bahiagrass, St. Augustinegrass, and centipedegrass. The number of leaves or shoots per area of the ground is a measure of turf density.
Sandy loam is a type of soil used for gardening. This soil type is normally made up of sand along with varying amounts of silt and clay. Many people prefer sandy loam soil for their gardening because this type of soil normally allows for good drainage.
Grasses used in Wisconsin generally consist of bluegrass or bluegrass mixtures.
- Kentucky bluegrass - This is the most popular turfgrass of all cool-season grasses in the upper Midwest region.
- Perennial ryegrass - This turf is a bunch-type turf that does not have the ability to spread like Kentucky bluegrass.
The most common types of cool-season grasses are Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue, and tall fescue. You'll often find the seeds of these grass types mixed together for different needs and uses, such as high traffic, sunny, or dense shade conditions.
Early fall is the best time of year for lawn renovation because environmental conditions are favorable and weed competition is much lower than in spring. In Minnesota, the best time for seeding is between mid-August and mid-September. Reseeding then allows the lawn to establish before winter arrives.
How to use
- PREP. Rake area to loosen the top layer of soil and remove dead grass. For best results, add a thin layer of Scotts® Turf Builder® LawnSoil™ before applying seed.
- APPLY. Apply using a Scotts® spreader.
- WATER. Watering is a critical step to seeding success.
- CARE. Seed will begin to grow in 5-12 days.
Use a phosphorus-free fertilizer such as 15-0-15, with only about 2 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 square feet. If time constraints require you to treat your lawn earlier than recommended, use fertilizer only rather than a weed and feed product. Never apply fertilizer until after all danger of frost has passed.
Centipedes usually live outside, but the House Centipede you can find inside as well. Centipedes usually live outdoors in damp areas such as under leaves, stones, boards, tree bark, or in mulch around outdoor plantings.
Be sure that the mower blade is sharp for a quality cut. Most sources recommend 1.5 to 2 inches as an ideal mowing height for centipede grass. A higher mowing height will have the advantage of a deeper root system to better handle summer stress.
Proper care for Centipede grass involves watering and fertilizing in very small amounts. Aerating once or twice a year will cause this grass to explode with growth. Applying an organic fertilizer, such as Milorganite, is also a good idea; centipede benefits from the iron in it.
Set the mowing height at 1 to 2 inches for Common bermudagrass and 1/2 to 11/2 inches for hybrid varieties. Remove no more than one-third of the leaf area with any one mowing. The lower the mowing height, the more frequently you will need to mow.
March 15 through April 30 is a good time to scalp your yard. To scalp your lawn, lower your mower blades to the shortest setting, mow the lawn, and bag the clippings. Depending on the height of your grass and the type of mower, you may need to mow more than once, gradually lowering the blade each time.
Even when neglected, very thin bermuda grass will spread (those rhizomes and stolons at work) when we kill the weeds and start fertilizing, so seeding shouldn't be necessary. Proper mowing and watering will further thicken it up. Mowing short and frequently will encourage it to grow sideways.