Medications. A number of medications can make RLS worse. In particular, anti-nausea drugs and sedating antihistamines (like Benadryl) block the brain's dopamine receptors, causing restless legs symptoms. Antidepressants that increase serotonin and antipsychotic medications can also aggravate the condition.
What causes restless leg syndrome in adults?
Other factors associated with the development or worsening of restless legs syndrome include: Chronic diseases. Certain chronic diseases and medical conditions, including iron deficiency, Parkinson's disease, kidney failure, diabetes, and peripheral neuropathy often include symptoms of RLS.
Making simple lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms of RLS/WED:
- Try baths and massages. Soaking in a warm bath and massaging your legs can relax your muscles.
- Apply warm or cool packs.
- Establish good sleep hygiene.
- Avoid caffeine.
If a person cannot manage symptoms of RLS alone, they may be prescribed medications. Painkillers: Ibuprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), may help with mild symptoms. Anticonvulsants: These treat pain, muscle spasms, neuropathy, and daytime symptoms.
8 Nighttime and Sleep Tips to Ease Restless Legs Syndrome
- Regular, moderate exercise may help you sleep better.
- Warm up to bedtime.
- Take it easy!
- Sleep a little better tonight by avoiding nicotine and caffeine close to bedtime.
- You'll sleep better, and feel better, if you maintain a regular sleep schedule.
There's no cure for RLS. But if you have the disorder, lifestyle changes and medication can help improve your quality of life. The goals of RLS treatment are to prevent or relieve symptoms, improve sleep, and correct underlying conditions or habits that trigger or worsen RLS symptoms.
Most people with restless legs syndrome have the "idiopathic" form, meaning there's no known cause. For them, there is no risk of RLS developing into something more serious, like Parkinson's disease. Restless legs syndrome can get worse in people with other medical conditions if they don't get those conditions treated.
Currently, no test can diagnose RLS. Still, your doctor may recommend blood tests to measure your iron levels. He or she also may suggest muscle or nerve tests. These tests can show whether you have a condition that can worsen RLS or that has symptoms similar to those of RLS.
certain medications that may aggravate RLS symptoms, such as antinausea drugs (e.g. prochlorperazine or metoclopramide), antipsychotic drugs (e.g., haloperidol or phenothiazine derivatives), antidepressants that increase serotonin (e.g., fluoxetine or sertraline), and some cold and allergy medications that contain
Early research suggests that certain cases of restless leg syndrome may be caused by a magnesium deficiency, and that magnesium supplements can reduce RLS symptoms. Researchers think that magnesium makes it easier for muscles to relax.
Restless legs syndrome, or RLS, is not always hereditary. But it does run in some families, and several genetic links have been found for RLS. While restless legs syndrome is most often a chronic condition, treatment is available that often can effectively control its symptoms.
Restless leg syndrome (RLS, restless legs syndrome) is a common cause of painful legs. Restless leg syndrome also features worsening of symptoms and leg pain during the early evening or later at night. Restless leg syndrome is often abbreviated RLS; it has also been termed shaking leg syndrome.
The following medications have been known to cause or exacerbate the symptoms of RLS:
- Antidopaminergic medications (eg, neuroleptics)
- Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
- Serotonin-norepinepherine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
Causes. Most leg pain results from wear and tear, overuse, or injuries in joints or bones or in muscles, ligaments, tendons or other soft tissues. Some types of leg pain can be traced to problems in your lower spine. Leg pain can also be caused by blood clots, varicose veins or poor circulation.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder that causes a strong urge to move one's legs. There is often an unpleasant feeling in the legs that improves somewhat with moving them. The feelings generally happen when at rest and therefore can make it hard to sleep.
Nearly a third of pregnant women have a condition called restless legs syndrome (RLS). People who have restless legs syndrome describe it as an "itchy," "pulling," "burning," "creepy-crawly" feeling that gives them an overwhelming urge to move their legs. Once they do move their legs, the feeling often subsides.
Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a condition that was formerly called sleep myoclonus or nocturnal myoclonus. It is described as repetitive limb movements that occur during sleep and cause sleep disruption.
The difference between these two sleep disorders is that PLMD is an involuntary action—the patient often sleeps (though sometimes not restfully) through an episode of leg movements. In other words, restless leg syndrome keeps the patient awake; periodic limb movement disorder occurs when the patient is already asleep.
Therapy does not cure PLMD but relieves symptoms. Note that many of the medications used to treat PLMD are the same as those used to treat restless legs syndrome. Benzodiazepines: These drugs suppress muscle contractions. They are also sedatives and help you sleep through the movements.
In a person with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), the paralysis that normally occurs during REM sleep is incomplete or absent, allowing the person to "act out" his or her dreams. RBD is characterized by the acting out of dreams that are vivid, intense, and violent.
Periodic Leg Movements – Research & Treatments. PLMS (Periodic Leg Movement during Sleep) a sleep disorder characterized by involuntary movements of the legs while asleep. People who suffer from PLMS can be unaware of their limb movements, as they do not always wake from them.