What parts of the respiratory system is affected by asthma?
Asthma affects the small airways (bronchioles) that carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma your airways can become inflamed, swollen and constricted (or narrowed) and excess mucus is produced. More than 5.2 million people in the UK receive treatment for asthma - including 1.1 million children.
The examination of the GIT amongst asthmatics has shown various pathological alterations, some of which correlate to that seen in the respiratory system, under similar conditions, and may have arisen due to bronchial asthma using the mucosal immunological system as a means of affecting this region of the body.
- Fatigue or weakness — a build-up of wastes or a shortage of red blood cells (anemia) can cause these problems when the kidneys begin to fail. Shortness of breath — kidney failure is sometimes confused with asthma or heart failure, because fluid can build up in the lungs.
- Asthma is associated with poorer quality of life, with disease severity and the level of control both having an impact. Asthma has varying degrees of impact on the physical, psychological and social wellbeing of people living with the condition. People with asthma are more likely to report a poor quality of life.
- According to recent estimates, asthma affects 300 million people in the world and more than 22 million in the United States. Although people of all ages suffer from the disease, it most often starts in childhood, currently affecting 6 million children in the US. Asthma kills about 255,000 people worldwide every year.
With normal breathing, air flows in through the nose or mouth and then into the windpipe (trachea). From there, it passes through the airways (bronchial tubes), into the lungs, and finally back out again. In people with asthma, the airways are inflamed (swollen) and produce lots of thick mucus.
- Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia. Staying current with vaccinations can prevent flu and pneumonia from triggering asthma flare-ups. Identify and avoid asthma triggers. A number of outdoor allergens and irritants — ranging from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution — can trigger asthma attacks.
- A child's asthma can get better or worse over time and some very young children with asthma may get much better as they (and their lungs) grow, but for most people, asthma is present the rest of their lives. Some very young children have asthma symptoms that go away when they get older.
- Your doctor will want to know whether you have common signs and symptoms of asthma, such as:
- Recurrent wheezing.
- Trouble breathing.
- Chest tightness.
- Symptoms that occur or worsen at night.
- Symptoms that are triggered by cold air, exercise or exposure to allergens.
Leukotrienes are chemicals that are released from the lungs in people with asthma, causing inflammation and increased mucus production in the airways. They also cause the muscles lining the airways to contract, which narrows the airways. It's also useful for preventing asthma triggered by exercise.
- While there are many medical treatments for asthma, here are some natural remedies for asthma that can provide some relief:
- Mustard oil. Mustard oil mixed with camphor is a potent combination for asthma treatment.
- Eucalyptus oil.
- Omega-3 fatty acids.
- Evening primrose oil.
- Belly breathing technique.
- Asthma inhalers soothe the airways and suppress the need to cough. They can allow you the peace to recover. If an inhaler such as Ventolin doesn't help, and the cough worsens, it's important to see a doctor again in case there's an underlying infection or other problem.
- Like "classic" or "typical" asthma, no one really knows what causes cough-variant asthma. However, coughing may start after people are exposed to allergens, or when they are breathing in cold air. Coughing may also follow an upper respiratory infection. For example, sinusitis with asthma is common.
Updated: 25th November 2019