In most vertebrates, MSH is produced by an intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland. Its secretion causes a dramatic darkening of the skin of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles. The darkening occurs as granules of melanin spread through the branches of specialized melanocytes called melanophores.
Also, what is a melanocyte and what does it do?
It does this by inducing specialised skin cells called melanocytes to produce a pigment called melanin; melanin protects cells from DNA-(1)'>DNA damage, which can lead to skin cancer (melanoma).
What is the target of melanocyte stimulating hormone?
In most vertebrates, melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) peptides are secreted specifically by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland and function primarily in skin darkening, with an array of other, minor activities.
What controls melanocyte stimulating hormone?
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone describes a group of hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and skin cells. It is important for protecting the skin from UV rays, development of pigmentation and control of appetite.