What kind of intermolecular forces are present in chcl3?
In that instance, the dominant intermolecular force will be dipole-dipole interactions. That's because it is a stronger type of intermolecular force than the alternatives of ionic bonding (there are no ions) and hydrogen bonding (the only stronger intermolecular force) are not applicable for chloroform.
Sodium hypochlorite solution (chlorine bleach) mixed with common household liquids such as acetone, butanone, methyl ethyl ketone, ethanol, or isopropyl alcohol can produce some chloroform, in addition to other compounds such as chloroacetone or dichloroacetone.
- CHCl3 MOLECULE has the same shape as CCl4 MOLECULE, but one of the Cl ATOMS has been replaced by a H ATOM. H has weaker electronegativity than Cl, so electron density along the H-C bond is pulled away from the H and towards the CCl3 fragment, resulting in a polar molecule.
- Chloroform (CHCl3) is made by taking methane adding chlorine and then heating the compound up until between 400 and 500 degrees Celsius. The products formed are: chloromethane, dichloromethane, chloroform, and carbon tetrachloride. They are then separated by distillation.
- It explains why CH3Cl, CH2Cl2 and CHCl3 are polar but why CCl4 is nonpolar by drawing the dipole moment arrows to see which cancels and discussing the polarity of the C-H and C-Cl bond. This video also explains why some molecules are polar and why others are not due to an unequal distribution or sharing of electrons.
Updated: 2nd October 2019