The endocarp forms a leathery or stony case around the seed, and corresponds to what is commonly called the core. Pome-type fruit with stony rather than leathery endocarp may be called a polypyrenous drupe.
Also question is, what is a simple fruit?
A simple fruit always develops from a single ovary containing one or more carpels and may or may not include additional modified accessory floral (perianth) structures. In addition, a simple fruit is either fleshy or dry. Fleshy fruits include the berry, drupe, pome, pepo, and hesperidium.
Is an apple a pome fruit?
Apples, pears and other pome fruit. Pome fruits are members of the plant family Rosaceae, sub-family pomoideae. They are fruits that have a "core" of several small seeds, surrounded by a tough membrane. The membrane is encased in an edible layer of flesh.
Strawberries are not really berries, but watermelon, pumpkins, bananas, and avocados are. It's ok. Take a few deep breaths. While we've tended to define berries as any small edible fruit, the official definition of a berry is "a fleshy fruit produced from a single ovary."
- Red Delicious. Crunchy and Mildly Sweet. Meet the world's favorite snacking apple.
- Gala. Crisp and Very Sweet. You'll go gaga for Gala!
- Fuji. Crunchy and Super Sweet.
- Granny Smith. Crunchy and Tart.
- Honeycrisp. Crisp and Distinctly Sweet.
- Cripps Pink. Crunchy and Sweet-Tart.
- Golden Delicious. Crisp and Sweet.
Botanically speaking, a fruit is a seed-bearing structure that develops from the ovary of a flowering plant, whereas vegetables are all other plant parts, such as roots, leaves and stems. This includes such botanical fruits as eggplants, bell peppers and tomatoes.
Strawberries and raspberries aren't really berries in the botanical sense. They are derived from a single flower with more than one ovary, making them an aggregate fruit. True berries are simple fruits stemming from one flower with one ovary and typically have several seeds.
Like the pepper, tomato, and pumpkin, watermelon is a fruit, botanically. It is the fruit of a plant originally from a vine of southern Africa. Loosely considered a type of melon (although not in the genus Cucumis), watermelon has a smooth exterior rind and a juicy, sweet interior flesh.
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil.
In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.
Here is a list of apples and their best uses.
- Ambrosia. A sweet modern apple variety, originating from western Canada, quite similar to Golden Delicious.
- Braeburn. Like Fuji, this is a sweet apple that is best eaten out of hand.
- Golden Delicious.
- Granny Smith.
Technically, the strawberry is an aggregate accessory fruit, meaning that the fleshy part is derived not from the plant's ovaries but from the receptacle that holds the ovaries. Each apparent 'seed' (achene) on the outside of the fruit is actually one of the ovaries of the flower, with a seed inside it.
2,500 varieties of apples are grown in the United States. 7,500 varieties of apples are grown throughout the world. 100 varieties of apples are grown commercially in the United States. Apples are a great source of the fiber pectin.
The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.
|Nut||One seeded fruit with hard pericarp (shell)||Walnut, hazelnut, chestnut, acorns|
|Berry||Two or more carpel ovary, each usually many seeds; inner layer of pericarp (mesocarp and endocarp) is fleshy||Tomatoes, grapes, dates|
Apple is not a citrus fruit. Citrus fruits share similar kinds of pulp, thick rinds and are especially known for their strong flavor, fresh color and high vitamin C content. They are relished for their sour and tangy taste that stimulates the taste buds.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called plantains, distinguishing them from dessert bananas.
15 Delicious Apples for Eating out of Hand
- Golden Delicious.
- Granny Smith.
A Guide to the Most Popular Apple Varieties
- Red Delicious. Originally known as the Hawkeye, this is the most popular, most maligned, most ironically named of all apple varieties in the US.
- McIntosh. This is what you expect to get when you bite into a Red Delicious.
- Golden (or Yellow) Delicious.
- Granny Smith.
- Pink Lady.
Gala, Rome Beauty, Stayman, and Golden Delicious are highly recommended. Juice—Choose a combination of apples to achieve the sweet/tart flavor you prefer. Most apples are good juicers; Honey Crisp is considered a good choice for a balance of sweet and tart.
A stone fruit, also called a drupe, is a fruit with a large "stone" inside. The stone is sometimes called the seed, but that is a mistake, as the seed is inside the stone. Examples of stone fruits are peaches, nectarines, plums, lychees, mangoes, and cherries.
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit. The majority of these species are found in nature as wild mangoes. The genus belongs to the cashew family Anacardiaceae.