Microsoft Windows OS uses two major file systems: FAT, inherited from old DOS with its later extension FAT32, and widely-used NTFS file systems. Recently released ReFS file system was developed by Microsoft as a new generation file system for Windows 8 Servers.
So, what is the purpose of a file system?
A filesystem is the methods and data structures that an operating system uses to keep track of files on a disk or partition; that is, the way the files are organized on the disk. The word is also used to refer to a partition or disk that is used to store the files or the type of the filesystem.
What is a file system on a computer?
File system. Updated: 12/29/2017 by Computer Hope. Alternatively referred to as file management and sometimes abbreviated as FS, a file system is a method of organizing and retrieving files from a storage medium, such as a hard drive. File systems usually consist of files separated into groups called directories.
What is the use of filesystem in Linux?
The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) defines the main directories and their contents in Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. All files and directories appear under the root directory, even if they are stored on different physical devices (e.g., on different disks or on different computers).