While such activities comprise an important part of the process, a variety of elements is involved in the creation of an optimal integrated solid waste management (ISWM) system. Waste treatment and disposal methods are selected and used based on the form, composition, and quantity of waste materials.
Subsequently, one may also ask, why do we treat waste?
The major aim of wastewater treatment is to remove as much of the suspended solids as possible before the remaining water, called effluent, is discharged back to the environment. As solid material decays, it uses up oxygen, which is needed by the plants and animals living in the water.
What is solid waste treatment?
All nonhazardous solid waste from a community that requires collection and transport to a processing or disposal site is called refuse or municipal solid waste (MSW). Refuse includes garbage and rubbish. Garbage is mostly decomposable food waste; rubbish is mostly dry material such as glass, paper, cloth, or wood.
What are methods of waste disposal?
It is used to dispose of solid, liquid and gaseous waste. It is recognized as a practical method of disposing of certain hazardous waste materials (such as biological medical waste). Incineration is a controversial method of waste disposal, due to issues such as emission of gaseous pollutants.