Uses of bases
- Sodium hydroxide is used in manufacture of soap, paper and a synthetic fiber called "rayon".
- Calcium hydroxide (slaked lime) is used in the manufacture of bleaching powder.
- Calcium hydroxide is also used to clean the sulfur dioxide, which is caused by exhaust, that is found in power plants and factories.
What are the 4 bases in love?
Four bases of American dating:
- F1 - French Kissing: First base is equivalent to french kissing, not just kissing.
- F2 - Feeling: Second base is touching of private extremities and/or appendages of the partners' body, aka boob touch.
- F3 - Fellatio: Third base is oral sex.
Common Bases and Their Uses
- aluminum hydroxide. color-fast fabrics, antacid, water purification, sticky gel that collects suspended clay and dirt particles on its surface.
- calcium hydroxide. leather-making, mortar and plaster, lessen acidity of soil, called caustic lime.
- magnesium hydroxide.
- sodium hydroxide.
Thus, sodium hypochlorite is neither an acid or a base. Chlorine bleach is strongly basic. We actually make it by dissolving chlorine gas in a concentrated solution of sodium hydroxide, which forms sodium hypochlorite and sodium chloride, in the following equilibrium.
A strong base is something like sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide which is fully ionic. You can think of the compound as being 100% split up into metal ions and hydroxide ions in solution. Each mole of sodium hydroxide dissolves to give a mole of hydroxide ions in solution.
Answer 2: In fact, it is quite not accurate to say that hydrogen gains or loses an electron in acid/base. What is more accurate is to DEFINE an acid as a proton donor (the acid gives up a proton) and a base as a proton acceptor (the base takes up a proton).
Anything below 7.0 is acidic, and anything above 7.0 is alkaline, or basic. pH scale, ranging from 0 (very acidic) to 12 (very basic/alkaline) and listing the pH values of common substances.
In chemistry, acids and bases have been defined differently by three sets of theories. One is the Arrhenius definition, which revolves around the idea that acids are substances that ionize (break off) in an aqueous solution to produce hydrogen (H+) ions while bases produce hydroxide (OH-) ions in solution.
Base, in chemistry, any substance that in water solution is slippery to the touch, tastes bitter, changes the colour of indicators (e.g., turns red litmus paper blue), reacts with acids to form salts, and promotes certain chemical reactions (base catalysis).
They react with metals like zinc to give off hydrogen. Bases in water solutions also show certain properties or characteristics. They taste bitter and and turn litmus paper blue. They also have a slimey or slippery texture to them.
Water acts as an acid (donates H+) when it reacts with a stronger base, say sodium hydroxide. Water acts as a base (accepts H+) when it reacts with a stronger acid, say hydrochloric acid. If the medium is water, water, having a pH of 7, is considered neutral.
A measure of acidity or alkalinity of water soluble substances (pH stands for 'potential of Hydrogen'). A pH value is a number from 1 to 14, with 7 as the middle (neutral) point. Values below 7 indicate acidity which increases as the number decreases, 1 being the most acidic.
Definition. noun, plural: bases. (1) (molecular biology) The nucleobase of a nucleotide involved in base pairing, as of a DNA or RNA polymer. (2) (anatomy) The lowest or bottom part of a plant or animal organ closest to the point of attachment. (3) (chemistry) A water-soluble compound that reacts with acid and forms
Some common strong Arrhenius bases include:
- Potassium hydroxide (KOH)
- Sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
- Barium hydroxide (Ba(OH)2)
- Caesium hydroxide (CsOH)
- Strontium hydroxide (Sr(OH)2)
- Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2)
- Lithium hydroxide (LiOH)
- Rubidium hydroxide (RbOH)
Base Definition: A base is a chemical species that donates electrons or hydroxide ions or that accepts protons. Types of Bases: Arrhenius base, Bronsted-Lowry base, Lewis base. Return to the Chemistry Glossary Index. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Base Definition."
Chemistry. Any of a class of compounds that form hydroxyl ions (OH) when dissolved in water, and whose aqueous solutions react with acids to form salts. Bases turn red litmus paper blue and have a pH greater than 7. Their aqueous solutions have a bitter taste. Compare acid.
Acidic and basic are two extremes that describe a chemical property chemicals. Mixing acids and bases can cancel out or neutralize their extreme effects. A substance that is neither acidic nor basic is neutral. The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14.
Acids in food such as vinegar (acetic acid), soda water (carbonic acid) and lemon juice (citric acid) are weak acids. Some acids can lose more than one proton. For example, carbonic acid can lose two protons, while citric and phosphoric acids can lose three. Bases, called alkalis if an OH- is involved, accept protons.
An acid is a chemical that when dissolved in water has a sour taste. Acids contain positive hydrogen ions and have a pH less than 7. Five of the most commonly used acids are sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, citric acid, and acetic acid.
In mathematics, a base or radix is the number of different digits or combination of digits and letters that a system of counting uses to represent numbers. For example, the most common base used today is the decimal system. Because "dec" means 10, it uses the 10 digits from 0 to 9.
There are numerous uses for acids. Acids are often used to remove rust and other corrosion from metals in a process known as pickling. They may be used as an electrolyte in a wet cell battery, such as sulfuric acid in a car battery. Strong acids, sulfuric acid in particular, are widely used in mineral processing.
Acid-Base Reactions. When an acid and a base are placed together, they react to neutralize the acid and base properties, producing a salt. The H(+) cation of the acid combines with the OH(-) anion of the base to form water. The compound formed by the cation of the base and the anion of the acid is called a salt.