Chromatography is used to separate mixtures of substances into their components. They all have a stationary phase (a solid, or a liquid supported on a solid) and a mobile phase (a liquid or a gas). The mobile phase flows through the stationary phase and carries the components of the mixture with it.
What is the property of the stationary phase in column chromatography?
The methods of separation in chromatography are based on the distribution of the components in a mixture between a fixed (stationary) and a moving (mobile) phase. The stationary phase may be a column of adsorbent, a paper, a thin layer of adsorbent on a glass plate, etc., through which the mobile phase moves on.
What is column efficiency?
After injection, a narrow chromatographic band is broaden during its movement through the column. The higher the column band broadening, the smaller the number of components that can be separated in a given time. In other words, the sharpness of the peak is an indication of how good, or efficient a column is.