17th October 2019

purplemath
13

What is the slope of a line perpendicular to this line?

Put this together with the sign change, and you get that the slope of a perpendicular line is the "negative reciprocal" of the slope of the original line — and two lines with slopes that are negative reciprocals of each other are perpendicular to each other.

Regarding this, what is meant by perpendicular lines?

X. Perpendicular means "at right angles". A line meeting another at a right angle, or 90° is said to be perpendicular to it. In the figure above, the line AB is perpendicular to the line DF. If they met at some other angle we would say that AB meets DF 'obliquely'.
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