- Carbohydrates (also called saccharides) are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
- Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates and are often called single sugars.
Similarly one may ask, what is the simplest unit of a carbohydrate?
A carbohydrate with one unit of sugar is called a simple sugar or a monosaccharide (mono = one; saccharide = sugar). Fructose (fruit sugar) is a monosaccharide, and so are glucose (blood sugar), the sugar produced when you digest carbohydrates, and galactose, the sugar derived from digesting lactose (milk sugar).
What are the three main types of carbohydrates?
Among the compounds that belong to this family are cellulose, starch, glycogen, and most sugars. There are three classes of carbohydrates: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. The monosaccharides are white, crystalline solids that contain a single aldehyde or ketone functional group.
What is the simplest form of a protein?
The simplest of the amino acids, glycine, has just H as an R-group. Amino acids are the structural elements from which proteins are built. When amino acids bond to each other, it is done in the form of an amide , making a connection which is called a peptide linkage.