What is the series circuit?
A series circuit is a closed circuit in which the current follows one path, as opposed to a parallel circuit where the circuit is divided into two or more paths. In a series circuit, the current through each load is the same and the total voltage across the circuit is the sum of the voltages across each load.
Components of an electrical circuit or electronic circuit can be connected in many different ways. The two simplest of these are called series and parallel and occur frequently. Components connected in series are connected along a single path, so the same current flows through all of the components.
- In a series circuit, the current is the same at each resistor. If the light bulbs are identical, then the resistance is the same for each resistor. The voltage drop (I. The voltage boost in the battery will be equal to the sum of the voltage drops across all three resistors.
- Now, let's look at the other type of circuit, a parallel configuration: Again, we have three resistors, but this time they form more than one continuous path for electrons to flow. There's one path from 8 to 7 to 2 to 1 and back to 8 again.
- A short circuit is simply a low resistance connection between the two conductors supplying electrical power to any circuit. This results in excessive current flow in the power source through the 'short,' and may even cause the power source to be destroyed.
In a series circuit, the current through each of the components is the same, and the voltage across the circuit is the sum of the voltages across each component. In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each of the components is the same, and the total current is the sum of the currents through each component.
- The bulbs will only appear brighter if the available current to the system is not limited. This means more current (and thus more power) will be drawn from a battery into the parallel circuit than a series one and the parallel circuit will appear brighter (but will drain your battery faster).
- A circuit diagram (electrical diagram, elementary diagram, electronic schematic) is a graphical representation of an electrical circuit.
- There are two types of circuits used for wiring up houses and electrical appliances. Series circuits have all the components in a line, with current flowing through all the appliances one after the other. In parallel circuits, the current splits up and flows through separate paths through each component.
In a series circuit, the current is the same at each resistor. If the light bulbs are identical, then the resistance is the same for each resistor. The voltage drop (I. The voltage boost in the battery will be equal to the sum of the voltage drops across all three resistors.
- Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points.
- closed circuit. An electric circuit through which current can flow in an uninterrupted path. Compare open circuit. A television system in which the signal is usually sent by cable to a limited number of receivers.
- If light bulbs are connected in series to a voltage source, the brightness of the individual bulbs diminishes as more and more bulbs are added to the “chain”. The current decreases as the overall resistance increases. The current increases as more bulbs are added to the circuit and the overall resistance decreases.
Updated: 3rd October 2019