2nd October 2019

nih
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What is the role of stem cells in the body?

Second, under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become tissue- or organ-specific cells with special functions. In some organs, such as the gut and bone marrow, stem cells regularly divide to repair and replace worn out or damaged tissues.

In this way, what are the two types of stem cells and what are their potential uses?

Stem Cells 101. There are three types of stem cells: adult stem cells, embryonic (or pluripotent) stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs).

What are the uses of stem cells?

It is transplanted routinely to treat a variety of blood and bone marrow diseases, blood cancers, and immune disorders. More recently, stem cells from the blood stream (called peripheral blood stem cells) and umbilical cord stem cells have been used to treat some of the same blood-based diseases.

What does stem cells treat?

This type of treatment could be used to: replace neurons damaged by spinal cord injury, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease or other neurological problems; produce insulin that could treat people with diabetes and heart muscle cells that could repair damage after a heart attack; or.
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