Latitude and longitude can be used to pinpoint a location. For example, the absolute location of New Orleans, Louisiana, is 30 degrees north, 90 degrees west. Finding absolute location is the starting point for geographic research. Relative location is the relationship of a place to other places.
What is the relative location of Chicago?
RELATIVE LOCATION: Illinois is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. As a part of North America, Illinois is located in the East North Central region of the United States. It's bordered by the states of Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa and Wisconsin, and by Lake Michigan.
Located to the north of the Tropic of Cancer, the country is positioned on the North American Continent and bordered by the countries of Canada, Mexico, and by the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Great Lakes and Pacific Ocean.
China is located in both the northern and eastern hemispheres, and occupies a huge part of eastern Asia.
Location is an important term in geography, and is usually considered more precise than "place." A locality is a human settlement: city, town, village, or even archaeological site. A place's absolute location is its exact place on Earth, often given in terms of latitude and longitude.
A relative location is the position of something relative to another landmark. For example, you might say you're 50 miles west of Houston. An absolute location describes a fixed position that never changes, regardless of your current location. It is identified by specific coordinates, such as latitude and longitude.
RELATIVE LOCATION: Japan is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres, and is positioned off the eastern coast of Asia, east of the Korean Peninsula. Japan is bordered by the Philippine Sea, East China Sea, Sea of Japan (East Sea), Sea of Okhotsk and the North Pacific Ocean.
United States Capitol. The United States Capitol is located at First St SE in Washington, DC 20004. The absolute location of the U.S. Capitol in latitude/longitude is 38° 53′ 35″ N, 77° 00′ 32″ W. An example of the relative location of the U.S. Capitol is that it is located about 38 miles southwest of Baltimore.
Absolute location, however, is a term with little real meaning, since any location must be expressed relative to something else. For example, longitude is the number of degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian, a line arbitrarily chosen to pass through Greenwich, London.
Absolute Location. Absolute location describes the location of a place based on a fixed point on earth. The most common way is to identify the location using coordinates such as latitude and longitude. Lines of longitude and latitude crisscross the earth.
Absolute Location is the exact location found through the use of longitude and latitude, street addresses, or street map grids. Relative Location is where the place is found relative to other places. The following is an example of a historic passage that focuses on the two types of location.
RELATIVE LOCATION: Located directly to the south of Papua New Guinea, Australia is geographically positioned in both the southern and eastern hemispheres. Australia is completely surrounded by the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and a series of bays, gulfs, seas and straits.
RELATIVE LOCATION: India is positioned on the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia, and is located in both the eastern and northern hemispheres. India bordered by the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Gulf of Mannar, Indian Ocean, and the countries of Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar).
Distance and relative location are important because we depend on people in other places for things we need. Depending on other people is called interdependence. We depend on them for certain goods and services, and they depend on us for others.
Three common types of regions are formal regions, which are defined formally by government or other structures, such as cities, states, and mountain ranges; functional regions, which consist of a central place and the surrounding areas that are dependent upon that place, such as a metropolitan area; and vernacular
Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Lines of constant latitude, or parallels, run east–west as circles parallel to the equator. Latitude is used together with longitude to specify the precise location of features on the surface of the Earth.
The five themes of Geography are Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement, and Region.
- Location. Location is defined as a particular place or position.
- Place. Place refers to the physical and human aspects of a location.
- Human-Environment Interaction.
Brazil, dissected by both the Equator and Tropic of Capricorn, is positioned in the northern, southern and western hemispheres. Covering almost 50% of South America, Brazil is bordered by Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and the Atlantic Ocean.
Now that you know what site and situation are, you can determine the difference between the two human geography terms. Site is the exact location of a city, you can find it on a map. The situation of a city relates to its surrounding features, both human-made and natural.
Political Maps. A political map does not show topographic features like mountains. It focuses solely on the state and national boundaries of a place. They also include the locations of cities large and small, depending on the detail of the map.