What is the purpose of the citation?
The purpose of a citation is usually to provide support or evidence for what you are saying; it tells the reader where this support or evidence can be found, and it typically does this by providing a reference to a bibliography, a list of detailed bibliographic information provided at the end of your document.
The source of the information or ideas must be credited directly in the text and this is known as citing literature. Usually, the sources you cite will be your primary articles, popular article, books or texts. However, you may use any format you wish as long as your citation style is accurate and consistent.
- Definition of citation for English Language Learners. : an official order to appear before a court of law. : a formal public statement that praises a person for doing something good or brave. : a line or short section taken from a piece of writing or a speech.
- Literature Cited Section. This is the last section of the paper. This does not mean every article you found in your research; only include the works you actually cited in the text of your paper. A standard format is used both to cite literature in the text and to list these studies in the Literature Cited section.
- Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.
Students often get confused about the two types of citations. The first type are in-text citations (also called parenthetical citations), which appear throughout your paper at the end of sentences that you are citing. These usually include the authors, date of publication (APA only) and page number being cited.
- There are several different styles of referencing:
- There are four main types of writing - expository, persuasive, descriptive, and narrative - and each one has a specific style. Expository writing is a general category that includes all types of essays (with the exception of persuasive essays).
- Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it. Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper.
Updated: 18th November 2019