Each polypeptide chain is a series of amino acids joined together in a specific sequence. Because each amino acid has a unique R group, a particular amino acid sequence creates a polypeptide whose function is dependent upon its chemical structure.
Similarly, you may ask, what are the three main steps of translation?
Translation proceeds in three phases: Initiation: The ribosome assembles around the target mRNA. The first tRNA is attached at the start codon. Elongation: The tRNA transfers an amino acid to the tRNA corresponding to the next codon.
What forms polypeptides?
Section 3.2Primary Structure: Amino Acids Are Linked by Peptide Bonds to Form Polypeptide Chains. Proteins are linear polymers formed by linking the α-carboxyl group of one amino acid to the α-amino group of another amino acid with a peptide bond (also called an amide bond).
What are the steps in the process of translation?
The steps in translation are: The ribosome binds to mRNA at a specific area. The ribosome starts matching tRNA anticodon sequences to the mRNA codon sequence. Each time a new tRNA comes into the ribosome, the amino acid that it was carrying gets added to the elongating polypeptide chain.