What is the process of translation?
Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.
Sources: The expression of genes into proteins and is a process involving two stages called transcription and translation. In the transcription stage a strand of DNA molecule serves as a template for the synthesis of an RNA molecule called messenger RNA. This messenger RNA is then translated into proteins on ribosomes.
- Translation is catalyzed by a large enzyme called a ribosome, which contains proteins and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Translation also involves specific RNA molecules called transfer RNA (t-RNA) which can bind to three basepair codons on a messenger RNA (mRNA) and also carry the appropriate amino acid encoded by the codon.
- The entire process is called gene expression. In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.
- Translation is the final step on the way from DNA to protein. It is the synthesis of proteins directed by a mRNA template. The information contained in the nucleotide sequence of the mRNA is read as three letter words (triplets), called codons. Each word stands for one amino acid.
a. Messenger RNA(mRNA), which carries the genetic information from DNA and is used as a template for protein synthesis. b. Ribosomal RNA(rRNA), which is a major constituent of the cellular particles called ribosomes on which protein synthesis actually takes place.
- _____________________________ is the process by which a parental chromosome is copied and yields 2 new daughter chromosomes. Using the correct base pairing rules for DNA replication, what would be the complementary strand for the strand TACCGATGC?
- a. Messenger RNA(mRNA), which carries the genetic information from DNA and is used as a template for protein synthesis. b. Ribosomal RNA(rRNA), which is a major constituent of the cellular particles called ribosomes on which protein synthesis actually takes place.
- When a specific protein is needed, our cells make a copy of the DNA. This copy is also RNA, but it is called messenger RNA, or mRNA. Thus, ribosomes translate mRNA into protein. Linking amino acids together is the function of the rRNA in the large subunit of the ribosome.
Updated: 16th October 2018