In summary, irrigation is the process of using artificial methods to provide water to crops. Surface irrigation involves the use of gravity to spread water on crops, while localized irrigation utilizes a system of tubes and pumps to deliver water to plant roots.
Similarly, it is asked, why do we need to irrigate?
Irrigation allows farmers and gardeners to efficiently use water to guarantee plant growth. Stock farmers use irrigation to ensure they can grow enough feed for their animals and to maintain paddock health. Many new crop and plant varieties require regular moisture which has led to increasing interest in irrigation.
What is irrigation and why is it important?
Irrigation is essentially the artificial application of water to overcome deficiencies in rainfall for growing crops (Cantor, 1967). Irrigation is a basic determinant of agriculture because its inadequacies are the most powerful constraints on the increase of agricultural production.
What are irrigation techniques?
Irrigation techniques. Irrigation has been around for as long as humans have been cultivating plants. Pouring water on fields is still a common irrigation method today -- but other, more efficient and mechanized methods are also used.