PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT. During adolescence, young people go through many changes as they move into physical maturity. Early, prepubescent changes occur when the secondary sexual characteristics appear.
So, what are the changes that occur during adolescence?
Adolescence is a time for growth spurts and puberty changes. An adolescent may grow several inches in several months followed by a period of very slow growth, then have another growth spurt. Changes with puberty (sexual maturation) may occur gradually or several signs may become visible at the same time.
What are the physical changes that occur during puberty?
Physical changes that occur during puberty in girls
- Development of breasts. Between the ages of 8-13 years, girls start developing breasts.
- Appearance of hair in the armpit. During puberty, hair begins to grow in your arm pits.
- Widening of hips and appearance of pubic hair.
- Growth spurt.
- Onset of menstruation.
The five leading characteristics of adolescence are biological growth and development, an undefined status, increased decision making, increased pressures, and the search for self.
Adolescence is a critical link between childhood and adulthood, characterized by significant physical, psychological, and social transitions. These transitions carry new risks but also present opportunities to positively influence the immediate and future health of young people.
Adolescence is the period of transition between childhood and adulthood. Children who are entering adolescence are going through many changes (physical, intellectual, personality and social developmental). Adolescence begins at puberty, which now occurs earlier, on average, than in the past.
Physical Developmental Characteristics. Physical development refers to bodily changes including growth, improved gross and fine motor skills, and biological maturity. In early adolescence, the young adolescent body undergoes more developmental change than at any other time except from birth to two years old.
For example, sometimes your mood will swing between feeling confident and happy to feeling irritated and depressed in a short span of time. These frequent swings in how you feel are called mood swings. They may occur due to shifting levels of hormones in your body and other changes taking place during puberty.
However, puberty refers to the physiological changes involved in the sexual maturation of a child, as well as other body changes that may occur during this period of time. Adolescence refers to the stage from puberty to adulthood, and includes the psychological experiences of the child during this period.
Mental/Emotional/Social Changes Through Puberty. The physical changes that occur during puberty give rise to a variety of social and emotional changes as well. First, the ongoing physical maturation process directly affects body and brain to alter children's needs, interests, and moods.
Adolescence is divided into three stages: early (12 to 14 years), middle (15 to 17 years), and late (18 to 20 years). While certain attitudes, behaviors, and physical milestones tend to occur at certain ages, a wide range of growth and behavior for each age is normal.
In boys, the initial puberty change is the enlargement of the scrotum and testes. At this point, the penis does not enlarge. Then, as the testes and scrotum continue to enlarge, the penis enlarges. The initial growth of pubic hair produces long, soft hair that is only in a small area around the genitals.
Adolescence (from Latin adolescere, meaning 'to grow up') is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority). For example, puberty now typically begins during preadolescence, particularly in females.
The trigger for puberty in both boys and girls is the production of 'gonadotrophin releasing hormone' (GnRH) from a part of the brain called the hypothalamus. This hormone stimulates the pituitary gland to release two hormones, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH).
It's called gonadotropin-releasing hormone, or GnRH for short. When GnRH reaches the pituitary gland (a pea-shaped gland that sits just under the brain), this gland releases into the bloodstream two more puberty hormones: luteinizing hormone (LH for short) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH for short).
At the start of puberty you will notice hair growing around your penis, under your arms, and on your face, chest, and legs. Your testicles and penis are also growing. You may develop acne (pimples). Later in puberty, you will begin to grow taller and your voice will start to change and get lower.
Adolescence typically describes the years between ages 13 and 19 and can be considered the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood. However, the physical and psychological changes that occur in adolescence can start earlier, during the preteen or "tween" years (ages 9 through 12).
Physical changes that occur during puberty in boys
- Broadening of chest and shoulders. Onset of puberty brings many physical changes in boys.
- Deepening of voice and appearance of facial hair. The voice gets deeper.
- Appearance of body hair and pubic hair.
- Increase in size of genitals.
- Growth spurt.
- Ability to ejaculate.
(Also see Problems in Adolescents.) Adolescence is a developmental period during which dependent children grow into independent adults. This period usually begins at about age 10 yr and lasts until the late teens or early 20s. During adolescence, children undergo striking physical, intellectual, and emotional growth.
During adolescence, young people go through many changes as they move into physical maturity. Early, prepubescent changes occur when the secondary sexual characteristics appear. Girls: Girls may begin to develop breast buds as early as 8 years old.
Physical Changes In Boys During Puberty: In boys, the scrotum and the testicles start to grow when they reach puberty. The penis also increase in length and reaches the proper adult size and shape by the age of 17 or 18. There is a hair growth observed in the pubis area, armpits as well as the chest and the face.
A sample response follows: Some of the factors that influence emotional changes during adolescence include, among others, changes in self-perception, changes in the way teens are treated, increased sensitivity to criticism, increased desire for independence, and an increased need to belong.
Identity Moratorium: Adolescents are actively experiencing a crisis which has led them to explore their identity and values. Identity Achievement: After a process of active exploration, adolescents have made a strong commitment to a highly developed set of beliefs and values.