What is the period of rotation for each planet?
The Days (And Years) Of Our Lives
|Planet||Rotation Period||Revolution Period|
|Mercury||58.6 days||87.97 days|
|Venus||243 days||224.7 days|
|Earth||0.99 days||365.26 days|
|Mars||1.03 days||1.88 years|
The orbits of the planets are ellipses with the Sun at one focus, though all except Mercury are very nearly circular. The orbits of the planets are all more or less in the same plane (called the ecliptic and defined by the plane of the Earth's orbit).
- The average distance between Jupiter and the Sun is 778 million km (about 5.2 times the average distance between Earth and the Sun, or 5.2 AU) and it completes an orbit every 11.86 years. The elliptical orbit of Jupiter is inclined 1.31° compared to Earth.
- All of the planets are in a circular or elliptical orbit around the Sun. Our moon and the moons of the other planets are in orbit around their planets. Comets are in an irregular orbit around the Sun. Most asteroids in our solar systems are orbiting the Sun in a band between Mars and Jupiter.
- According to NASA, they will never collide. This is due to Pluto's orbit being "above" Neptune's orbit. According to the same page the closest the planets ever come close to each other is 2 billion kilometres.
Earth takes 365 days to travel one complete orbit, while Mercury takes 88 days and Venus takes 224 days, so the time between alignments will require each planet to make a whole number of orbits around the sun and return to the pattern you see in the figure above.
- Pluto rotates much more slowly than Earth so a day on Pluto is much longer than a day on Earth. A day on Pluto is 6.4 Earth days or 153.3 hours long.
- The Milky Way is about 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 km (about 100,000 light years or about 30 kpc) across. The Sun does not lie near the center of our Galaxy. It lies about 8 kpc from the center on what is known as the Orion Arm of the Milky Way.
If the Sun and Earth were the only things in the solar system, our planet's orbit would be an ellipse of virtually constant shape and orientation in space. However, because the other planets pull on Earth, our orbit does change slightly over time, in orientation and in shape. Same for the other planets' orbits.
- To enable life, this most special of attributes, planet Earth has a number of ideal features. It is unique among planets in our solar system for having water in its liquid form at the surface, in an amount conducive to life evolving.
- This period of rotation is about 4 minutes less than 24 hours (23 hours 56 minutes and 4.1 seconds) and there are about 366.242 2 stellar days in one mean tropical year (one stellar day more than the number of solar days).
- In ancient Roman religion and myth, Tellus Mater or Terra Mater ("Mother Earth") is a goddess of the earth. Although Tellus and Terra are hardly distinguishable during the Imperial era, Tellus was the name of the original earth goddess in the religious practices of the Republic or earlier.
Updated: 18th November 2019