What is the medical term for toes?
Medical Definition of Phalanx. Phalanx: Anatomically, any one of the bones in the fingers or toes. There are 3 phalanges (the proximal, middle, and distal phalanx) in most of the fingers and toes. However, the thumb and large toe have only two phalanges that accounts for their being shorter.
Hallux ("big toe" or "great toe"), the innermost (most proximal) toe and the closest to the toes of the other foot. Second toe or "long toe" (although commonly shorter than the big toe) Third toe, occasionally described as the "ring toe" Fourth toe, sometimes described as the "ring toe"
- Interestingly enough, the more medical term, "phalanges," can refer to either the fingers or toes. However, if you were refer to the big toe, it is also called the "hallux." The thumb can be called the "pollex."
- "If you remove one part of that tripod, you lose balance." So even though the pinky toe itself has no functional value, removing the metatarsal would make running, walking and skipping nearly impossible.
- The little toe is also known is the fifth digit of the foot. It is the smallest and weakest of all five digits. Still, like the other toes, it assists the foot while walking, jogging, or standing.
Each toe consists of three phalanx bones, the proximal, middle and distal, with the exception of the big toe (Latin: Hallux). The hallux only contains two phalanx bones, the proximal and distal. The phalanx bones of the toe join to the metatarsal bones of the foot at the interphalangeal joints.
- Normal cats have a total of 18 toes, with five toes on each fore paw, and four toes on each hind paw; polydactyl cats may have as many as eight digits on their front and/or hind paws.
- The coccyx serves as an attachment site for tendons, ligaments, and muscles. It also functions as an insertion point of some of the muscles of the pelvic floor. The coccyx also functions to support and stabilize a person while he or she is in a sitting position.
The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals). The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. The hindfoot forms the heel and ankle.
- Each toe consists of three phalanx bones, the proximal, middle and distal, with the exception of the big toe (Latin: Hallux). The hallux only contains two phalanx bones, the proximal and distal. The phalanx bones of the toe join to the metatarsal bones of the foot at the interphalangeal joints.
- The forefoot is composed of the five toes (called phalanges) and their connecting long bones (metatarsals). Each toe (phalanx) is made up of several small bones. The big toe (also known as the hallux) has two phalanx bones—distal and proximal. It has one joint, called the interphalangeal joint.
- Dorsal refers to the top surface of the foot, whereas plantar takes its name from the fact that the foot is planted on the ground when it is in contact with a surface. Therefore, plantar refers to the bottom aspect of the foot.
Updated: 21st November 2019