What is the medical term for pain in the stomach?
The medical term for stomach pain symptoms is called dyspepsia. Dyspepsia is a terms to describe indigestion or pain in the upper abdomen. This symptom can be from a myriad of upper gastrointestinal disorders. Some of the most common one are gastritis, peptic ulcer, GERD, cholecystitis, and pancreatitis.
Small pores called gastric pits contain many exocrine cells that secrete digestive enzymes and hydrochloric acid into the lumen, or hollow region, of the stomach. Mucous cells found throughout the stomach lining and gastric pits secrete mucus to protect the stomach from its own digestive secretions.
- Adenocarcinoma. Most (about 90% to 95%) cancers of the stomach are adenocarcinomas. A stomach cancer or gastric cancer almost always is an adenocarcinoma. These cancers develop from the cells that form the innermost lining of the stomach (the mucosa).
- The innermost layer is a lining of simple columnar epithelium (labeled in the high magnification image). This type of epithelium provides the greatest surface area for abosrption or secretion. In the stomach the epithelial cells exposed to the lumen are primarily constructed to resist digestion by the lumen contents.
- The walls of the stomach consist of four layers, similar to other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. These layers, starting from the innermost layer, are named mucosa, sub-mucosa, muscularis externa, and the serosa. The mucosa consists mainly of the gastric glands that secrete the digestive juices.
Medical Definition of Abdomen. Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and the pelvis. The abdomen includes a host of organs including the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, appendix, gallbladder, and bladder.
- Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and the pelvis. The abdomen is separated anatomically from the chest by the diaphragm, the powerful muscle spanning the body cavity below the lungs.
- The abdomen (less formally called the belly, stomach, tummy or midriff) constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates. The region occupied by the abdomen is termed the abdominal cavity.
- The rectus abdominis is the large muscle in the mid-section of the abdomen. It enables the tilt of the pelvis and the curvature of the lower spine. Next to it on both sides of the body is the internal oblique.
From Greek borborygmos (intestinal rumbling), an onomatopoeic word to describe the sound. NOTES: Borborygmi are usually harmless, they are simply a result of gas movement around the stomach. And the rumbling sound doesn't mean one is hungry either.
- Causes of abdominal sounds. The abdominal sounds you hear are most likely related to the movement of food, liquids, digestive juices, and air through your intestines. When your intestines process food, your abdomen may grumble or growl. The walls of the gastrointestinal tract are mostly made up of muscle.
- Blumberg's sign, also referred to as rebound tenderness, is a clinical sign that is elicited during physical examination of a patient's abdomen by a doctor or other health care provider. It is indicative of peritonitis. It refers to pain upon removal of pressure rather than application of pressure to the abdomen.
- Auscultation for abdominal bruits is the next phase of abdominal examination. Bruits are "swishing" sounds heard over major arteries during systole or, less commonly, systole and diastole. The area over the aorta, both renal arteries. and the iliac arteries should be examined carefully for bruits.
Updated: 18th November 2019