An Ajax call is an asynchronous request initiated by the browser that does not directly result in a page transition. A servlet request is a Java-specifc term (servlets are a Java specification) for servicing an HTTP request that could get a simple GET or POST (etc) or an Ajax request.
Keeping this in view, what is AJAX and what is the purpose of using it?
Ajax is a client-side script that communicates to and from a server/database without the need for a postback or a complete page refresh. The best definition I've read for Ajax is “the method of exchanging data with a server, and updating parts of a web page – without reloading the entire page.”
What is Ajax and JSON?