Lipids, also known as fats, play many important roles in your body, from providing energy to producing hormones. You wouldn't be able to digest and absorb food properly without lipids. Of course, eating more fat than you need can lead to weight gain, but in proper amounts lipids are a healthy part of your diet.
Correspondingly, what are the four main functions of lipids?
Lipid Biological Functions
- Role of lipids in the body.
- Chemical messengers.
- Storage and provision of energy.
- Maintenance of temperature.
- Membrane lipid layer formation.
- Cholesterol formation.
- Prostaglandin formation and role in inflammation.
- The "fat-soluble" vitamins.
What is the function of lipid in biology?
Lipids are storage compounds, triglycerides serve as reserve energy of the body. Lipids are important component of cell membranes structure in eukaryotic cells. Lipids regulate membrane permeability. They serve as source for fat soluble vitamins like A, D, E, K.
What is the structure of a fat?
On one end of the chain there is a carboxyl-group, or a carbon double bonded to an oxygen and single bonded to an oxygen and hydrogen. Double bonds are depicted by using two lines, which you can see in the image below. A fat is formed when a glycerol joins with three fatty acids. Fats are also called triglycerides.