What is the main crop of India?
Categories of Crops in India
- Food Crops (Wheat, Maize, Rice, Millets and Pulses etc.)
- Cash Crops (Sugarcane, Tobacco, Cotton, Jute and Oilseeds etc.)
- Plantation Crops (Coffee, Coconut, Tea, and Rubber etc.)
- Horticulture crops (Fruits and Vegetables)
The major crops in India can be divided into four categories viz. Food grains (Rice, Wheat, Maize, Millets and Pulses), Cash Crops (Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, Tobacco, and Oilseeds), Plantation Crops (Tea, Coffee, Coconut and, Rubber) and Horticulture crops such as Fruits and Vegetables.
- Asia is noted for several plantation cash crops, of which the most important are tea, rubber, palm oil, coconuts, and sugarcane. Jute, a commercial fibre, though it has decreased in significance, remains a major export crop of Bangladesh.
- Being the world's largest producer of wheat, China plays an important role in shaping grain market dynamics across the world. Around 126 million metric tons of wheat are produced by the country per year, on a land area of 24 million hectares (comparable to the size of the entire country of Algeria.
- Value of production
Major Crops in the USA 1997 (in US$ billions) 2014 (in US$ billions) Corn $24.4 $52.4 Soybeans $17.7 $40.3 Wheat $8.6 $11.9 Alfalfa $8.3 $10.8
Even so, rice is the most cultivated crop in India. India is the world's second-largest producer of rice, behind China. Rice was cultivated on an area of around 32.5 million hectares during the fiscal year 2002-2003.
- Madhya Pradesh ranks second with production of 6.78 lakh tonnes followed by Assam (1.42 lakh tonnes). Karnataka is with the highest yield at 19.20 tonnes a hectare. In India, specific cultivars of oranges are cultivated in different regions.
- As of 2013 the consumption of green tea in India was growing by over 50% a year. The major tea-producing states in India are: Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Sikkim, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Bihar, Orissa.
- India, China, and Bangladesh are the three major producers in the cultivation or production of jute fiber. India has taken advantage of recent improvements in the cultivation of jute to become the largest producer or cultivator of jute in the world.
Rice in 2012 was the most valuable agricultural crop in the world. It was second to maize (corn) in the quantity produced of cereal products. This rice field is in Cambodia.
- Rice in 2012 was the most valuable agricultural crop in the world. It was second to maize (corn) in the quantity produced of cereal products. This rice field is in Cambodia.
- The 10 Most Important Crops In The World. Wikimedia Cuisine varies greatly around the world, but the basic ingredients that sustain humans are pretty similar. We eat a lot of corn, wheat, rice and other simple crops.
- After deciding what to grow, farmers often till the land by loosening the soil and mixing in fertilizers, which are nutrient rich. Then, they sow seeds or plant seedlings. When the crops are growing, farmers must water (or rely on rainfall), weed and kill crop pests.
Updated: 21st November 2019