Because the charge of electrons is opposite in sign than protons, the two types of particles attract each other, and this force, known as the Coulomb force, holds the atom together. Electrons travel around the nucleus in orbitals, but it is impossible to know both the speed and location of an electron at the same time.
Furthermore, where are the electron?
Electrons are found in clouds that surround the nucleus of an atom. Those clouds are specific distances away from the nucleus and are generally organized into shells.
How do you find the electrons of an atom?
The number of protons in the nucleus of the atom is equal to the atomic number (Z). The number of electrons in a neutral atom is equal to the number of protons. The mass number of the atom (M) is equal to the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus.